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colonies_economy - CHAPTER 5 REVIEWING THE COLONIAL PERIOD...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 5: REVIEWING THE COLONIAL PERIOD TO 1789 Forested, rocky soil with long, cold winters and short growing seasons New England SubsiStence famfing; manufacniring, shipbuilding, fishing; trade Family-fanned land with an occasional hired hand or indentured servant; little use for slavery; trade with England and the West Indies, including triangular trade for slaves Fertile soil; temperate climate with longer growing season Major cash crops: Wheat, corn, rye; “breadbasket colonies;” later trade and manufacturing centers Some large estates; family fat-Ins large enough to hire farm workers or keep indentured servants; little slavery except for tobacco plantations in Delaware Small farms for vegetables, gram; labor- intensive tobacco, rice, indigo agriculture on plantations; little manufacturing or Southern-owned shipping; few large cities- Most farms were small and worked by farm families at a subsistence level; almost self- sufficient plantations with hundreds of slaves were the exception; few free blacks in towns and cities Fertile soil; mild winters with a long growing season; abundant waterways for irrigation and transportation ...
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