SG07 - Study Guide for Chapter 7 The Road to Revolution,...

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Study Guide for Chapter 7 The Road to Revolution, 1763-1775 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. explain the long-term historical factors that moved America toward independence from Britain. 2. describe the theory and practice of mercantilism and explain why Americans resented it. 3. explain why Britain attempted tighter control and taxation of Americans after 1763 and why Americans resisted theses efforts. 4. describe the major British efforts to impose taxes and tighten control of the colonies. 5. describe the methods of colonial resistance that forced repeal of all taxes except the tax on tea. 6. explain how sustained agitation and resistance to the tea tax led to the Intolerable Acts and the outbreak of war. 7. assess the balance of forces between the British and the American rebels as the two sides prepared for war. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. insurrection Rebellion against political authority. “Insurrection of thought usually precedes insurrection of deed.” 2. mercantilism The economic theory that all parts of an economy should be coordinated for the good of the whole state; hence, that colonial economics should be subordinated for the benefit of an empire. “That theory was called mercantilism.” 3. depreciate To decrease in value, as in the decline of the purchasing power of money. “… dire need finally forced many of the colonies to issue paper money, which unfortunately depreciated.” 4. protective tariffs Taxes places on imported goods, often to raise prices and thus protect domestic producers. “Manufacturers, workers, and farmers seek to ensure their prosperity through protective tariffs….” 5. mortgage To pledge property to a creditor as security for a loan or debt. “Virginia planters … were forced to buy their necessities in England by mortgaging future crops.” 6. admiralty courts In British law, special administrative courts designed to handle maritime cases without a jury. “Both [acts] provided for trying offenders in the hated admiralty courts….” 7. virtual representation The political theory that a class of persons is represented in a lawmaking body without direct vote. “Elaborating the theory of ‘virtual representation.’ Grenville claimed that every member of Parliament represented all British subjects, even… Americans….” 1
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8. nonimportation agreement Pledges to boycott, or decline to purchase, certain goods from abroad. “More effective than the congress was the widespread adoption of nonimportation agreements….” 9. mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry. “…Crispus Attucks [was] described…as a powerfully built runaway ‘mulatto’….” 10. duty A customs tax on the export or import of goods. “…Parliament…repeal[ed] the Townshend revenue duties.” 11. propaganda A systematic program or particular materials designed to spread certain
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG07 - Study Guide for Chapter 7 The Road to Revolution,...

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