Sg21 - Study Guide for Chapter 21 Girding for War: The...

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Study Guide for Chapter 21 Girding for War: The North and the South, 1861- 1865 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. explain how the firing on Fort Sumter and Lincoln’s call for troops galvanized both sides for war. 2. describe the crucial early struggles for the Border States. 3. indicate the strengths and weaknesses of both sides as they went to war. 4. describe the diplomatic struggle for the sympathies of the European powers. 5. compare Lincoln’s and Davis’s political leadership during the war. 6. describe the curtailment of civil liberties and the mobilization of military manpower during the war. 7. analyze the economic and social consequences of the war for both sides. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. balance of power The distribution of political or military strength among several nations so that no one of them becomes too strong of dangerous. “They could gleefully transplant to American their hoary concept of the balance of power.” 2. moral suasion The persuasion of others through appeals to values and beliefs without the of enticement or force. “…the president did not rely solely on moral suasion….” 3. martial law The imposition of military rule above or in place of civil authority during times of war and emergency. “In Maryland he declared martial law where needed….” 4. ultimatum A final proposal, as by one nation to another, that if rejected, will likely lead to war. “The London Foreign Office prepared an ultimatum….” 5. loopholed Characterized by small exceptions of conditions that enable escape from the general rule or principle. “These vessels were not warships within the meaning of the loopholed British law….” 6. squadron A special unit of warships assigned to a particular naval task. “…they probably would have sunk the blockading squadrons….” 7. arbitration The settlement of a dispute by putting the decision in the hands of a third, neutral party. “It agreed in 1871 to submit the Alabama dispute to arbitration….” 8. appropriation A sum of money or property legally set aside for a specific use. “He directed the secretary of the treasury to advance $2 million without appropriation….” 9. habeas corpus In law, an order requiring that a prisoner be brought before a court at a specified time and place in order to determine the legality of the imprisonment. “He suspended the precious privilege of the writ of habeas corpus….” 10. arbitrary Governed by momentary preference or whim rather than by settled principle or law. “Jefferson Davis was less able that Lincoln to exercise arbitrary power….” 11. quota The proportion or share of a larger number of things that a smaller group is assigned to contribute. “…each state [was] assigned a quota based on population.” 12. greenback United States paper money, especially that printed before the establishment of Federal Reserve System. “Greenbacks thus fluctuated with the fortunes of Union arms….”
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Sg21 - Study Guide for Chapter 21 Girding for War: The...

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