SG40 - Study Guide for Chapter 40 The Eisenhower Era,...

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Study Guide for Chapter 40 The Eisenhower Era, 1952-1960 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. explain how “Ikes’s” leadership coincided with the American mood of the 1950s. 2. describe Eisenhower’s initially hesitant reactions to McCarthyism and the early civil rights movement. 3. describe the approach that Eisenhower and Dulles took to the Cold War and nuclear policy. 4. list the basic elements of Eisenhower’s foreign policy in Vietnam, Europe, and the Middle East. 5. describe the vigorous challenges Eisenhower faced from the Soviet Union and indicate how he responded to them. 6. describe the new American economy of the 1950s. 7. explain the changes in American “mass culture” in the 1950s, including the rise of television and the computer. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. media The collective means of public communication, such as newspapers, radio, and television. “… [McCarthy] proved a master at manipulating the media…” 2. McCarthyism The practice of making sweeping, unfounded charges against innocent people with consequent loss of reputation, job, and so on. “But ‘McCarthyism’ has passed into the English language as a label for the dangerous forces of unfairness….” 3. brass High-ranking military officers. “The military brass at first protested….” 4. taboo A social prohibition or rule that results from strict tradition or convention. “…Warren shocked the president…with his active judicial intervention in previously taboo social issues.” 5. self-incrimination Sworn testimony in a trial or other legal proceeding that forces a person to admit to criminally indictable acts. “The millionaire Teamster chief…invoked the Fifth Amendment against self- incrimination 209 times….” 6. embezzlement The fraudulent appropriation or theft of funds entrusted to one’s care. “He was later sentenced to prison for embezzlement.” 7. secondary boycott A boycott of goods, aimed not at the employer or company directly involved in a dispute but at those who do business with that company. “…antilaborites also forced into the bill prohibitions against ‘secondary boycotts.’ …” 8. thermonuclear Concerning the heat released in nuclear fission; specifically, the use of that heat in hydrogen bombs. “Thermonuclear suicide seemed nearer in July 1958….” 9. confiscation The seizure of property by a public authority, often as a penalty. “Castro retaliated with further wholesale confiscations of Yankee property….” 10. troubleshooter In diplomacy, a person who is sent to deal with problems in various areas and circumstances. “… [he] had traveled globally as a ‘troubleshooter’ in various capacities.” 1
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Part II: Checking Your Progress A. True-False Where the statement is true, mark T . Where it is false, mark F , and correct it in the space immediately
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SG40 - Study Guide for Chapter 40 The Eisenhower Era,...

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