SG16 - Study Guide for Chapter 16 The Ferment of Reform and...

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Study Guide for Chapter 16 The Ferment of Reform and Culture, 1790-1860 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the changes in American religion and their effects on culture and social reform. 2. describe the cause of the most important American reform movements of the period. 3. explain the origins of American feminism and describe its various manifestations. 4. describe the utopian and communitarian experiments of the period. 5. identify the early American achievements in the arts and sciences. 6. analyze the American literary flowering of the early nineteenth century, especially in relation to transcendentalism and other ideas of the time. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. polygamy The practice or condition of having two or more spouses at one time. “Accusations of polygamy likewise arose and increased in intensity…” 2. theocracy Literally, rule by God, the term is often applied to a state where religious leaders exercise direct or indirect political authority. “… the community became a prosperous frontier theocracy and a cooperative commonwealth.” 3. utopian Referring to any place or plan that aims at an ideal social order. “Bolstered by the utopian spirit of the age, various reformers … set up more than forty [cooperative] communities…” 4 . zealot one who is carried away by a cause to an extreme or excessive degree. 5. communistic Referring to the theory or practice in which the means of production are owned by the community as a whole. “… various reformers … set up more than forty communities of a communistic nature.” 6. communitarian Referring to the belief in or practice of the superiority of community life or values over individual life, but not necessarily the common ownership of material goods. “… various reformers … set up more that forty communities of a … ‘communitarian’ nature.” 7. free love The principle or practice of sexual relations unrestricted by law, marriage, or religious constraints. “It practiced free love (‘complex marriage)”….” 8. eugenic Concerning the improvement of the human species through selective breeding or genetic control. “It practiced … the eugenic selection of parents to produce superior offspring…” 9. monogamy The belief in or practice of marrying only one spouse at a time. “In 1979-1880 the group embraced monogamy and abandoned communism.” 10. classical Concerning the culture of ancient Greece or Rome, or any artistic or cultural values presumed to be based on those enduring principles. “He brought a classical design to his Virginia hilltop home, Monticello…” 11. mystica l Referring to the belief in the direct apprehension of God or divine mystery, without reliance on reason or human comprehension. “These mystical doctrines of transcendentalism defined precise definition…”
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG16 - Study Guide for Chapter 16 The Ferment of Reform and...

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