6.0 US CIVIL WAR(2) - US CIVIL WAR VI. Administration of...

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US CIVIL WAR VI. Administration of Abraham Lincoln (16th President) A. Lincoln's First Inauguration 1. Journey to Washington Feb 1861 a. Lincoln left Springfield IL on 11 Feb and made several brief speeches en route to Washington DC without disclosing his plans or his policies. b. Warned of an assassination plot in Baltimore, Lincoln was secreted by special train at night, arriving in Washington on 23 Feb. 2. Lincoln's Inaugural Address 4 Mar a. Lincoln firmly in a conciliatory manner assured that the rights of the South would be protected, stating I have no purpose directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. b. But Lincoln would not allow secession declaring that no state, upon its own mere action, can lawfully get out of the Union . c. The Union was perpetual, and as President he would execute the laws of the Union in all states, and would hold, occupy and possess any federal property in any state. d. Violence could be avoided unless it be forced upon the national authority. B. Civil War Begins 1. Firing Upon Ft Sumter a. Lincoln wanted to avoid an overt act and therefore delayed a decision on Ft Sumter. b. Although his Secretary of State proposed that the fort be evacuated, reinforcing the Gulf ports instead, Lincoln decided on 6 Apr to provision the garrison at Ft Sumter in Charleston harbor and notified SC and the Confederate government in Montgomery that an expedition was being sent strictly to resupply the post. c. The Confederate Congress (15 Feb) had resolved to possess both Ft Sumter and Ft Pickens at Pensacola FL d. SC demanded that MAJ Robert Anderson surrender at once (1) Anderson offered to surrender when his supplies ran out in about two days, not knowing of the resupply attempt (2) SC rejected it, knowing that the resupply ship was already enroute. e. Shore batteries under Gen Pierre G.T. Beauregard opened fire on Ft. Sumter (12 Apr), forcing Anderson to surrender on 13 Apr, after 34 hours of an intense but bloodless bombardment, meaning the CIVIL WAR HAD BEGUN f. Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 90-day volunteers to defend the Union (15 Apr). 2. Border States a. The call for volunteers signaled the invasion of the South and caused VA (17 Apr), AR (6 May), TN (7 May) and NC (20 May) to secede and join the Confederacy, bringing it to 11 states. b. The loss of Virginia cost the US Army some of its best officers: Robert E. Lee , who had turned down an offer to head Federal forces, and Joseph E. Johnston . c. The capital of the Confederacy was chosen as Richmond and the provisional government moved from Montgomery AL in June 1861. (1) KY soldiers in the Confederacy voted in Russellville (Nov) to secede (2) Gov Claiborne F. Jackson (MO) attempted to take MO out of the Union. (3) Although KY and MO were not part of the CSA, these attempts were a sign of providence to
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6.0 US CIVIL WAR(2) - US CIVIL WAR VI. Administration of...

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