SG03 - Name Section Date Study Guide for Chapter 3 Settling...

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Name Section Date Study Guide for Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the Puritans and their beliefs and explain why they left England for the New World. 2. explain the basic governmental and religious practices of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 3. explain how conflict with religious dissenters, among other forces, led to the expansion of New England. 4. describe the changing relations between the English colonists and Indians. 5. explain why New York, Pennsylvania, and the other middle colonies became so ethnically, religiously, and politically diverse. 6. describe the central features of the middle colonies and explain how they differed from New England. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. predestination - The Calvinist doctrine that God has foreordained some people to be saved and some to be damned. “Good works could not save those whom ‘predestination’ had marked for the infernal fires.” 2. elect - In Calvinist doctrine, those who have been chosen by God for salvation. “But neither could the elect count on their predetermined salvation….” 3. conversion - A religious turn to God, thought by Calvinists to involve an intense, identifiable person experience. “They constantly sought, in themselves and others, signs of ‘conversion.’ …” 4. visible saints- In Calvinism, those who publicly proclaimed their experience of conversion and were expect to lead godly lives. “all Puritans agreed that only ‘visible saints’ should be admitted to church membership.” 5. calling - In Protestantism, the belief that saved individuals have a religious obligation to engage in worldly work. “Like John Winthrop, the [the Puritans] believed in the doctrine of a ‘calling’ to do God’s work on this Earth.” 6. heresy - Departure from correct or officially defined belief. “… she eventually boasted that she had come by her beliefs through a direct revelation from God. This was even higher heresy.” 7. seditious - Concerning resistance to or rebellion against the government. “[His was] a seditious blow at the Puritan idea of government’s very purpose.” 8. commonwealth - An organized civil government or social order. “They were allowed, in effect, to become semiautonomous commonwealths.” 9. autocratic - Absolute or dictatorial rule. “An autocratic spirit survived, and the aristocratic element gained strength….” 10. passive resistance - Nonviolent action or opposition to authority in accord with religious or moral beliefs. “As advocated of passive resistance, [the Quakers] would … rebuild their meetinghouse on the site where their enemies had torn it down.” 11. asylum - A place of refuge and security, especially for the persecuted or unfortunate. “Eager to establish an asylum for his people….” 12. proprietary
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SG03 - Name Section Date Study Guide for Chapter 3 Settling...

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