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SG30 - Name_Section_Date Study Guide For Chapter 30...

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Name ______________________________________ Section____________Date______________ Study Guide For Chapter 30 American on the World Stage, 1899-1909 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the Filipino rebellion against U.S. rule and the war to suppress it 2. explain the U.S. “Open Door” policy in China 3. discuss the significance of the “pro-imperialist” Republican victory in 1900 and the rise of Theodore Roosevelt as a strong advocate of American power in the international affairs. 4. describe the aggressive steps Roosevelt took to build a canal in Panama and explain why his “corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine aroused such controversy. 5. discuss Roosevelt’s other diplomatic achievements, particularly in relation to Japan. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. Americanization The process of assimilating American character, manner, ideals, culture, and so on. “The Filipinos . . . hated compulsory Americanization . . . .” 2. sphere of influence The territory of weaker states where a powerful state exercises the dominant control. “ . . . they began to tear away . . . economic spheres of influence from the Manchu government.” 3. partition In politics, the act of dividing a weaker territory or government among several more powerful states. “Defenseless China was spared partition…” 4. blue blood Person descended from nobility or aristocracy. “What manner of man was Theodore Roosevelt, the red-blooded blue blood?” 5. bellicose Disposed to fight or go to war. “Incurably boyish and bellicose, Roosevelt loved to fight. . . .” 6. preparedness The accumulation of sufficient armed forces and materiel to go to war. “[Roosevelt was] an ardent champion of military and naval preparedness. . . .” 7. corollary A secondary inference or deduction from a main proposition that is taken as established or proven. “Roosevelt therefore devised a devious policy of ‘preventive intervention.” 8. banana republic A disparaging term for the small nations of Central America, with particular reference to their political instability and poor, single-crop economies. “The United States . . . would not permit the European nations themselves to intervene in the bankrupt banana republics.” 9. dictum An authoritative edict or assertion. “Roosevelt’s corollary . . . bore only a strained relation to the original dictum of 1823.” 10. preemptive The prior appropriation of land or other goods, in order to prevent their appropriation by others. “. . . the corollary had considerable merit as a preemptive stroke.” 1
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A. True-False Where the statement is true, mark T . Where it is false, mark F , and correct it in the space immediately below. ___ 1. The Filipino insurrection against U.S. rule was larger and more costly in lives than the Spanish-American War.
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