SG41 - Study Guide for Chapter 41 The Stormy Sixties,...

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Study Guide for Chapter 41 The Stormy Sixties, 1960-1968 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. Descibe the high expectations Kennedy’s New Frontier aroused and the political obstacles it encountered 2. Analyze the theory and practice of Kennedy’s doctrine of “flexible response” in Asia and Latin America 3. Descibe Johnson’s succession to the presidency in 1963, his electoral landslide over Goldwater in 1964, and his Great Society successes of 1965. 4. Discuss the course of the black movement of the 1960s, form civil rights to Black Power. 5. Indicate how Johnson led the United States deeper into the Vietnam quagmire. 6. Explain how the Vietnam war brought turmoil to American society and eventually drove Johnson and the divided Democrats from power in 1968. 7. Describe the cultural rebellions of the 1960s, and indicate their short-term and long- term consequences. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. free world The noncommunist democracies of the Western world, as opposed to the communist states. “But to the free world the ‘Wall of Shame’ looked like a gigantic enclosure around a concentration camp.” 2. nuclear proliferation The spreading of nuclear weapons to nations that have not previously had them. “Despite the perils of nuclear proliferation of Soviet domination, de Gaulle demanded an independent Europe . . . .” 3. exile A person who has been banished or driven from her or his country by the authorities. “He had inherited . . . a CIA-backed scheme to topple Fidel Castro from power by invading Cuba with anti-communist exiles.” 4. peaceful coexistence The principle or policy that communists and non communists specifically, the United States and the Soviet Union ought to live together without trying to dominate or destroy each other. “Kennedy thus tried to lay the foundations for a realistic policy of peaceful coexistence with the Soviet Union.” 5. détente In international affairs, a period of relaxed agreement in areas of mutual interest. “Here were the modest origins of the policy that later came to be known as ‘détente.’” 6. sit-in A demonstration in which people occupy a facility for a sustained period to achieve political or economic goals. “Following the wave of sit-ins that surged across the South. .” 7. establishment The ruling inner circle of a nation and its principal institutions. “Goldwater’s forces had . . . rid [den] roughshod over the moderate Republican ‘eastern establishment.’ ” 8. literacy test A literacy examination that a person must pass before being allowed to vote. “Ballot-denying devices like the poll tax [and] literacy tests . . . still barred black people from
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SG41 - Study Guide for Chapter 41 The Stormy Sixties,...

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