Study Guide for Chapter 12
The Second War for Independence
and the Upsurge of Nationalism, 1812-1824
PART I: Reviewing the Chapter
A. Checklist of Learning Objectives
After mastering this chapter, you should be able to
1. describe the failed American attempts to conquer Canada and their consequences.
2. describe the crucial military developments of the war and explain why Americans experienced
more success on water than on land.
3. describe the major issues and terms of the Treaty of Ghent and explain the long-term results of the
War of 1812 for the United States at home and abroad.
4. describe and explain the burst of American nationalism that followed the War of 1812.
5. describe the major economic developments of the period, particularly the tariff, finances, and the
panic of 1819.
6. describe the conflict over slavery that arose in 1819 and the terms of the Missouri Compromise that
temporarily resolved it.
7. indicate how John Marshall's Supreme Court promoted the spirit of nationalism through its rulings
in favor of federal power.
8. describe the Monroe Doctrine and explain its real and symbolic significance for American foreign
To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms.
Composed of a mixed mass of diverse elements or groups. "His hodgepodge force
consisted of seven thousand sailors, regulars, pirates, and Frenchmen. .
A friendly intervention, usually by consent, to settle differences between groups or
nations. "Tsar Alexander I of Russia. .
.proposed mediation. .
A temporary stopping of warfare by mutual agreement, usually in preparation for an
actual peace negotiation between the parties. "The Treaty of Ghent .
..was essentially an armistice."
A strong devotion to the nation as the central political entity, often in a narrow or
aggressive fashion. "Canadian patriotism and nationalism also received a powerful stimulus from the
In politics, extreme conservatism, looking to restore the conditions of an
earlier time. ". .
.the Old World t8ok the rutted road back to conservatism, illiberalism, and reaction."
In economics, the policy of stimulating or preserving domestic producers
by placing barriers against imported goods, often through high tariffs. "The infant industries bawled
lustily for protection."
. raw materials
Products in their natural, unmanufactured state. "Through these new arteries of
transportation would flow foodstuffs and raw materials. .
The basic public works, such as roads and canals, that create the structure
for economic development. "Congress voted. .
.for internal improvements."
Existing wholly within a state of the United States. "Jeffersonian Republicans. .
on the idea of direct federal support of intrastate internal improvements."
In economics, a severe and often prolonged period of declining economic activity,