SG12 - Study Guide for Chapter 12 The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism 1812-1824 PART I Reviewing the Chapter A Checklist

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_ _ Study Guide for Chapter 12 The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism, 1812-1824 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the failed American attempts to conquer Canada and their consequences. 2. describe the crucial military developments of the war and explain why Americans experienced more success on water than on land. 3. describe the major issues and terms of the Treaty of Ghent and explain the long-term results of the War of 1812 for the United States at home and abroad. 4. describe and explain the burst of American nationalism that followed the War of 1812. 5. describe the major economic developments of the period, particularly the tariff, finances, and the panic of 1819. 6. describe the conflict over slavery that arose in 1819 and the terms of the Missouri Compromise that temporarily resolved it. 7. indicate how John Marshall's Supreme Court promoted the spirit of nationalism through its rulings in favor of federal power. 8. describe the Monroe Doctrine and explain its real and symbolic significance for American foreign policy. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. hodgepodge Composed of a mixed mass of diverse elements or groups. "His hodgepodge force consisted of seven thousand sailors, regulars, pirates, and Frenchmen. . .." 2. mediation A friendly intervention, usually by consent, to settle differences between groups or nations. "Tsar Alexander I of Russia. . .proposed mediation. . .." 3. armistice A temporary stopping of warfare by mutual agreement, usually in preparation for an actual peace negotiation between the parties. "The Treaty of Ghent . ..was essentially an armistice." 4. nationalism A strong devotion to the nation as the central political entity, often in a narrow or aggressive fashion. "Canadian patriotism and nationalism also received a powerful stimulus from the clash." 5. reaction (reactionary) In politics, extreme conservatism, looking to restore the conditions of an earlier time. ". . .the Old World t8ok the rutted road back to conservatism, illiberalism, and reaction." 6. protection (protective) In economics, the policy of stimulating or preserving domestic producers by placing barriers against imported goods, often through high tariffs. "The infant industries bawled lustily for protection." 7 . raw materials Products in their natural, unmanufactured state. "Through these new arteries of transportation would flow foodstuffs and raw materials. . .." 8. internal improvements The basic public works, such as roads and canals, that create the structure for economic development. "Congress voted. . .for internal improvements." 9. intrastate Existing wholly within a state of the United States. "Jeffersonian Republicans. . . choked on the idea of direct federal support of intrastate internal improvements." 10. depression In economics, a severe and often prolonged period of declining economic activity,
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG12 - Study Guide for Chapter 12 The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism 1812-1824 PART I Reviewing the Chapter A Checklist

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