Sg02 - Study Guide for Chapter 2 The Planting of English...

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Study Guide for Chapter 2 The Planting of English America, 1500-1733 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter a. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. state the factor that caused the English to start late on colonization. 2. describe the development of the Jamestown colony from its disastrous beginnings to its later prosperity. 3. describe the roles of Indians and African slaves in the early history of England’s southern colonies. 4. describe changes in the economy and labor system in Virginia and the other southern colonies. 5. indicate the similarities and differences among the southern colonies of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. b. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. nationalism Fervent belief and loyalty given to the political unit of the nation-state. “Indeed England now had . . . a vibrant sense of nationalism . . .” 2. primogeniture The legal principle that the oldest son inherits all family property or land. “ . . . laws of primogeniture decreed that only eldest sons were eligible to inherit landed estates.” 3. joint-stock companies An economic arrangement by which a number of investors pool their capital for investment. “Joint-stock companies provided the financial means.” 4. charter A legal document granted by a government to some group or agency to implement a stated purpose, and spelling out the attending rights and obligations. “…the Virginia Company of London received a charter from King James I of England….” 5. census An official count of population, often also describing other information about the population. “…an official census revealed that only about two thousand Indians remained in Virginia….” 6. feudal Concerning the decentralized medieval social system of personal obligations between rulers and ruled. “Absentee proprietor Lord Baltimore hoped that…Maryland… would be the vanguard of a vast feudal domain.” 7. indentured servant A poor person obligated to a fixed term of labor. “…it depended for labor in its early years mainly on white indentured servants….” 8. toleration Originally, religious freedom granted by an established church to a religious minority. “Maryland’s new religious statue guaranteed toleration to all Christians.” 9. squatter A frontier farmer who illegally occupied land owned by others or not yet officially opened for settlement. “The newcomers, who frequently were ‘squatters’ without legal right to the soil…” 10. matriarch A respected, usually elderly, female head of a household or extended clan. “A single long-house might shelter a woman’s family…with the oldest woman being the honored matriarch.” 11. melting pot Popular term for an ethnically diverse population that is presumed to be “melting” towards some eventual commonality. “The hamlet of Savannah, like Charleston, was a melting-pot community.” 1
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Sg02 - Study Guide for Chapter 2 The Planting of English...

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