SG28 - Study Guide for Chapter 28 The Revolt of the Debtor...

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The Revolt of the Debtor 1889-1900 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. Describe the Republican party’s high-tariff, high-spending policies of the early 1890s. 2. Explain how farmer and labor discontent with these policies led to Cleveland’s victory and the rise of the Populists in 1892. 3. Indicate how Cleveland’s tight-money policies during the depression of 1893 led to debtor discontent, labor unrest, and Democratic division. 4. Discuss how the silver-tongued Bryan captured the Democratic nomination and stole the Populists’ thunder in 1896. 5. Describe how Hanna financed and organized the urban Republican forces to defeat the agrarian “radical” Bryan. 6. Analyze the consequences of the new Republican era that began in 1896. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. filibuster To utilize the technique of obstructing legislation by tactics such as making long speeches and introducing irrelevant amendments. “…the majority should legislate…and not be crippled by a filibustering minority.” 2. landslide An overwhelming majority of votes for one side in an election. “The congressional landslide of 1890 reduced the Republican membership of the House…” 3. clientele Those whom a lawyer or similar agent is engaged to represent and serve. “…after hobnobbing with his wealthy clientele, [he] had become increasingly conservative.” 4. legal tender Any form of money that must be accepted in payment for goods purchased or for repayment of debt. “…the Treasury was required to issue legal tender notes…” 5. bullion Precious metals in their raw form, before they are coined. “…the Treasury was required to issue legal tender notes for the silver bullion that it bought.” 6. reserve In finance, the portion of money held back from circulation by a bank or treasury, which provides backing for its notes or loans. “…the gold reserve sank to a dismaying $41 million.” 7. bimetallism The legalized concurrent use of two precious metals as currency at a fixed ratio of value. “…the platform…came out for international bimetallism…” 8. slush fund An unaccountable sum of money available for questionable to corrupt purposes. “He…piled up an enormous ‘slush fund’ for a ‘campaign of education.’…” 9. equilibrium A state of balance between competing forces or interests. “The third party system was characterized by the precarious equilibrium between Republicans and Democrats…” 10. lobbyist Someone who promotes an interest or cause before a political body, often for pay. “…not high enough to satisfy the paunchy lobbyists…”
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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SG28 - Study Guide for Chapter 28 The Revolt of the Debtor...

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