SG39 - Study Guide for Chapter 39 The Cold War Begins,...

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Study Guide for Chapter 39 The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952 PART 1: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the economic transformation of the immediate post- World Was II era. 2. describe the postwar migrations to the “Sunbelt” and the suburbs. 3. explain changes in the American population structure brought about by the “baby boom.” 4. explain the growth of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union after Roosevelt’s death and Germany’s defeat. 5. describe the early Cold War conflicts over Germany and Eastern Europe. 6. discuss American efforts to “contain” the Soviets though the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and NATO. 7. describe the expansion of the Cold War the Asia and the Korean War. 8. analyze the postwar domestic climate in America and explain the growing fear of the internal communist subversion B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. gross national product The total value of a nation’s annual output of goods and services. “Real gross national product (GNP) slumped sickeningly in 1946 and 1947…” 2. agribusiness Farming and related activities considered as commercial enterprises, especially large corporate agricultural ventures “…consolidation produced giant agribusiness able to employ costly machinery.” 3. population curves The varying size and age structure of a given nation or other group, measured over time. “This boom-or-bust cycle of births begot a bulging wave along the American population curve.” 4. precinct The smallest subdivision of a city, as it is organized for purposes of police administration, politics, voting, and so on. “He then tired his hand at precinct-level Missouri politics…” 5. protégé Someone under the patronage, protection, or tutelage of another person or group. “Through a protégé of a notorious political machine in Kansas City, he had managed to keep his own hands clean.” 6. superpower One of the two overwhelmingly dominant international powers since World War II- the United Stated and the Soviet Union. “More specific understanding among the wartime allies- especially the two emerging superpowers- awaited the arrival of peace.” 7. exchange rates The ratios at which the currencies of two or more countries are traded, which express their values relative to one another. “… the International Monetary Fund (IMF) [was established] to encourage world trade by regulating currency exchange rates.” 8. underdeveloped Economically and industrially deficient. “They also founded the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development… to promote economic growth in war-ravaged and underdeveloped areas.” 9. military occupation The holding and control of a territory and its citizenry by the conquering forces of another nation. “… Germany had been divided at war’s end into four military occupation zones…”
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG39 - Study Guide for Chapter 39 The Cold War Begins,...

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