SG31 - Study Guide For Chapter 31 Progressivism and the...

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Study Guide For Chapter 31 Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt, 1901- 1912 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. discuss the origins and nature of the progressive movement. 2. describe how the early progressive developed its roots at the city and state level. 3. tell how President Roosevelt began applying progressive principles to the national economy. 4. explain why Taft’s policies offended progressives, including Roosevelt. 5. describe how Roosevelt led a progressive revolt against Taft that openly divided the Republican party. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. progressive In politics, one who believes in continuing progress, improvement, or reform. “The new crusaders, who called themselves ‘progressives,’ waged war on many evil….” 2. exposé A disclosure or revelation considered embarrassing to those involved “… Ida M. Tarbell… published a devastating but factual exposé of the Standard Oil Company.” 3. direct primary In politics, the nomination of a party’s candidates for office through a special election of that party’s voters. “… ardent reformers pushed for direct primary elections….” 4. initiative In politics, the procedure whereby voters can, through petition, present proposed legislation directly to the electorate. “They favored the ‘initiative’ so that voters could directly propose legislation….” 5. referendum The submission of a law, proposed or already in effect, to a direct vote of the electorate. “Progressives also agitated for the ‘referendum.’ ” 6. recall In politics, a procedure for removing an official from office through popular election or other means. “The ‘recall’ would enable the voters to remove faithless elected officials….” 7. city manager An administrator appointed by the city council or other elected body to manage affairs, supposedly in a nonpartisan or professional way. “Other communities adopted the city manager system….” 8. slumlord A landlord who owns and profits from slum properties, often by charging excessive rents or neglecting maintenance and repairs. “Urban reformers likewise attacked ‘slumlords.’…” 9. red-light district A section of a city where prostitution is officially or unofficially tolerated. “… wide-open prostitution (vice-at-a-price) … flourished in red-light districts….” 10. franchise In government, a special privilege or license granted to a company or group to perform a specific function. “Public-spirited city-dwellers also moved to halt the corrupt sale of franchise for streetcars….” 11. ne g ligence In law, the failure to take a reasonable care, resulting in injury to another person.
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