SG42 - Study Guide for Chapter 42 The Stalemated Seventies,...

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Study Guide for Chapter 42 The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the Nixon policies toward the war in Vietnam and Cambodia. 2. Analyze Nixon domestic policies and his appeal to the “silent majority.” 3. describe the American withdrawal from Vietnam the final communist victory there, and the “new isolationism” represented by the War Powers Act. 4. discuss the Watergate scandals and Nixon’s resignation. 5. Explain the related economic and energy crises of the 1970s and indicate how Nixon. Ford, and Carter attempted to deal with them. 6. analyze the successes and failures of the détente with Moscow and the opening to Beijing (Perking) pursued by the American administrations of the 1970s. 7. explain the connection between Middle East conflicts and the troubled America economy and describe the attempts of American administrations of the 1970s to solve both sets of problems. 8. discuss the Iranian crisis and its political consequences for Carter. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. Moratorium A period in which economic or social activity is suspended, often to achieve certain defined goals. “Antiwar protestors staged a massive national Vietnam moratorium in October 1969. . . .” 2. Marxism The doctrines of Karl Marx, advocated or followed by many modern Socialists and communists, “The two great communist powers . . . were clashing bitterly over their rival interpretations of Marxism.” 3. Anti-ballistic missile A defensive missile designed to shoot down or otherwise protect against an offensive missile attack. “The first major achievement was an anti-ballistic missile (ABM) treaty….” 4. Impoundment The legal taking or holding of goods or money. “Impoundment was but one glaring example. . . .” 5. obstruction of justice The crime of interfering with police, courts, or other officials to thwart the performance of their legal duties, “Many were involved in a criminal obstuction of justice through tangled cover-ups. . . .” 6. audit To examine accounts or records in order to determine their accuracy and legitimacy-a process performed by officials appointed for that purpose. “Even the Internal Revenue Service was called upom by Nixon’s aides to audit or otherwise harass political opponents. . . .” 7. Echelon An ordered subdivision of military troops or of a military or political headquarters. “John Dean III . . . testified glibly . . . as to the involvement of the top echelons in the White House . . .” 1
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8. Executive privilege In American government, the claim that certain information known to the president or the executive branch of government should be unavailable to Congress or the courts because of the principle of separation of powers. “He took refuge behind various prin-ciples, including separation of powers and executive
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG42 - Study Guide for Chapter 42 The Stalemated Seventies,...

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