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Unformatted text preview: Study Guide for Chapter 6 The Duel for North America, 1608-1763 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. explain why France and Britain engaged in a great contest for North America and why Britain won. 2. explain how the contest affected Britain's American subjects and helped pave the way for their later rebellion. 3. describe France's North American empire and compare it with Britain's colonies. 4. explain how North American political and military events were effected by developments on the larger European stage. B. Glossary To build your social vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. domestic Concerning the internal affairs of a country. "It was convulsedby foreign wars and domestic strife" 2. minister In politics, a person appointed by the head of the state to take charge of some department agency of government. "Leadership of a high order was provided by a series of brilliant ministers" 3. magistrate a civil official charged with upholding the law, often exercising both judicial and executive power. "there was no trial by jury-merely the decision of the magistrate. 4. peasant A farmer of agricultural laborer, sometime legally tied to the land. "Landowning French peasantshad little economic motive to move." 5. coureurs des bois French-Canadian fur trappers; literally, "runners of the wood." "These colorful coureurs des boiswere also runners of risk" 6. voyageurs French-Canadian fur traders and adventurers. "Singing, paddle-swimming French voyageurs also recruited Indians" 7. ecological Concerning the relations between the biological organisms of their environment. "they extinguished the beaver population, inflicting incalculable ecological damage." 8. mutinous Concerning revolt by subordinate soldiers or seamen against their commanding officers. "hewas murdered by his mutinous men." 9. Strategic Concerning the placement and planned movement of large-scale military forces so as to gain advantage, usually prior to actual engagement with the enemy. "Commanding the mouth of the Mississippi River, this strategic semitropical outpost also tapped the fur trade" 10. guerilla warfare Unconventional combat wagged by smaller military units using hit-and-run tactics. "so a kind of primitive guerilla war prevailed." 11. buffer "A territory between two hostile states, designed to soften an attack from one or the other side. "It was confined to the much-buffeted colony of Georgia" 12. siege A military operation surrounding and attacking a fortified place, often over a sustained period. "After a ten-hour siege he was forced to surrender..." 13. flotilla A fleet of boats, usually smaller vessels. "The Indian fur flotillanumbered four hundred canoes." 14. Regulars Trained professional soldiers, as distinct from militia or conscripts. "they had fought bravely beside the crack British regulars" 15. commissions...
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