SG27 - Study Guide for Chapter 27 The Great West and the...

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Study Guide for Chapter 27 The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, 1865-1890 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. discuss the causes and the results of the warfare between whites and Native Americans in the Great West. 2. explain the development of federal policy towards Native Americans in the late nineteenth century. 3. analyze the brief flowering and decline of the cattle and mining frontiers. 4. explain the impact of the closing of the frontier and the long-term significance of the frontier for American history. 5. describe the revolutionary changes in farming on the Great Plains. 6. explain why western farmers fell into economic bondage, and describe how the Grange and the Farmers’ Alliances organized to protest their oppression. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. immunity Freedom or exemption from some imposition “…[the] militia massacred four hundred Indians who apparently thought they had been promised immunity." 2. medicine man Among native Americans, a holy man or shaman who exercises spiritual powers and is considered able to cure disease. “…among their leaders was heavyset Sitting Bull, a medicine man as wily as he was influential." 3. reservation Public land designated for use by native Americans. "The vanquished native Americans were finally ghettoized in `human zoos' known as reservations. ... 4. ward Someone considered incompetent to manage his or her own affairs and therefore placed under the legal guardianship of another person or group."… there [they had] to eke out a sullen existence as wards of the government." 5. probationary Concerning a period of testing or trial, after which a decision is made based on performance. "The probationary period was later extended. . . ." 6. folklore The common traditions and stories of a people. "These bowlegged Knights of the Saddle became an authentic part of American folklore." 7. irrigation Watering land artificially, through canals, pipes, or other means. "Improved irrigation techniques . . . caused deserts to bloom . . ." 8. meridian In geography, any of the lines of longitude running north and south on the globe. "The farmers rashly pushed beyond the 100th meridian. ..” 9. contiguous Joined together by common borders. "Only Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona remained to be lifted into statehood from contiguous territory on the mainland of North America." 10. safety valve Anything, such as the American frontier, that allegedly serves as a necessary outlet for built-up pressure, energy, and so on. "But the `safety-valve' theory does have some validity." 11. loan shark A person who lends money at an exorbitant or illegal rate of interest. "The [farmers] cried out in despair against the loan sharks. .. ." 1
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12. serfdom The feudal condition of being permanently bound to land owned by someone else. “. .. the farmers were about to sink into a status suggesting Old World serfdom."
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SG27 - Study Guide for Chapter 27 The Great West and the...

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