SG13 - Study Guide for Chapter 13 The Rise of Jacksonian...

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The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy, 1824-1830 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe and explain the growth of the “New Democracy” in the 1820s. 2. indicate how the “corrupt bargain” of 1824 weakened Adams and set the stage for Jackson’s election in 1828. 3. describe the “Tariff of Abominations” and explain why it aroused such furor in the South. 4. analyze the significance of Jackson’s victory in 1828 as a triumph of the “New Democracy.” 5. describe the “spoils system” and indicate its consequences for American politics. 6. trace the increasing sectionalism that appeared in the 1820s and show how it was reflected in the Hayne-Webster debate. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. constituents The body of voters or supporters in a district, regarded as a group. “. .. his Tennessee constituents began to talk of running him for the presidency.” 2. divine right The belief that government or rulers are directly established by God. “. .. America was now witnessing the divine right of the people.” 3. hard money Gold and Silver coins, as distinguished from paper money. “They sought . .. to substitute hard money for bank notes. ..” 4. deference The yielding of opinion to the judgment of someone else. “The deference, apathy, and virtually nonexistent party organizations. ..gave way to. .. boisterous democracy. ..” 5. subversive Tending to corrupt, overthrow, or destroy something established. “This procedure was now condemned as. .. subversive of democracy.” 6. clique A small, exclusive, and snobbish circle of people. “. .. the voters. .. turned against the candidate. .. who had been selected by the congressional clique.” 7. puritanical Extremely or excessively strict in matters of morals or religion. “The only candidate left was the puritanical Adams. ..” 8. usurpation The act of seizing, occupying, or enjoying the place, power, or functions of someone without right. “. .. Adams [was]. .. smarting under charges of. ..’usurpation.’” 9. political plums Choice, desirable offices of favors. “If the president would not reward party workers with political plums, why should they labor. ..?” 10. mudslinging Malicious, unscrupulous attacks against an opponent. “Mudslinging reached a disgraceful level. ..” 11. bare-knuckle Hard, unrestrained, brutal. “. .. the new mass electorate [had a taste] for bare- knuckle politics.” 12. machine A political organization, often controlled through patronage or spoils. “. .. [in] New York and Pennsylvania, . ... well-greased machines were operating.” 13. spoils Public offices given as a reward for political support. “The emphasis was more on spoils than on responsibilities.” 14. henchmen Political supporters or followers. “. .. Jackson believed that the swiftest road to reform was to. .. bring in his own trusted henchmen.”
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG13 - Study Guide for Chapter 13 The Rise of Jacksonian...

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