SG37 - Name Section Date Study Guide for Chapter 37...

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Name____________________________ Section_______________ Date_____________ Study Guide for Chapter 37 Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shadow of War, 1933-1941 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the isolationist motives and effects of FDR’s early foreign policies. 2. explain how American isolationism dominated U.S. policy in mid-1930s. 3. explain how America gradually began to respond to the threat from totalitarian aggression while still trying to stay neutral. 4. describe Roosevelt’s increasingly bold moves toward aiding Britain in the fight against Hitler and the sharp disagreements these efforts caused at home 5. discuss the events and diplomatic issues in the Japanese-American conflict that led up to Pearl Harbor. A. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 6. tutelage The condition of being under the guardianship of another. “. . . provided for the independence of the Philippines . . . after a twelve-year period of economic and political tutelage.” 7. militarist Someone who glorifies military values of institutions and extend them into the political and social spheres. “Yet in Tokyo, Japanese militarists were calculating that they had little to fear. . . .” 8. totalitarianism A political system of absolute control, in which all social, moral, and religious values and institutions are put in direct service of the state. “Post-1918 chaos in Europe . . . fostered the ominous concept of totalitarianism.” 9. quarantine In politics, isolating a nation by refusing to have economic or diplomatic dealings with it. “. . . they feared that a moral quarantine would lead to a shooting quarantine.” 10. exterminate To kill in wholesale fashion. “. . . Hitler undertook to persecute and then exterminate the Jewish population. . . .” 11. unilateral In politics, concerning a policy or action undertaken by only one nation. “This ancient dictum [was] hitherto unilateral. . . .” 12. multilateral In politics, referring to a policy or action undertaken by more than one nation. “Now multilateral, [the Monroe Doctrine bludgeon] was to be wielded by twenty-one pairs of American hands. . . .” 13. steppes The great plains of southeastern Europe and Asia. “The two menaces could now slit each other’s throat on the icy steppes of Russia.” 14. convoy To escort militarily, for purposes of protection. “The fateful decision to convoy was taken in July 1941.” 15. warlord A leader or ruler who maintains power by continually waging war, often against other similar rulers or local military leaders. “. . .Roosevelt had resolutely held off an embargo, lest he goad the Tokyo warlords. . . .” 16. hara-kiri Traditional Japanese ritual suicide. “Japan’s hara-kiri gamble in Hawaii paid off only in the short run. . . .” 1
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Part II: Check Your Progress a. True-False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space
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SG37 - Name Section Date Study Guide for Chapter 37...

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