SG15 - Study Guide for Chapter 15 Forging the National...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Study Guide for Chapter 15 Forging the National Economy, 1790-1860 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter 1. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 2. describe the movement and growth of America’s population in the early 19 th century. 3. describe the effects of Irish and German immigration on American society. 4. explain why America was relatively slow to embrace the industrial revolution and the factory. 5. describe the early industrial labor and explain its effects on workers. 6. indicate the nature of early industrial labor and explain its effects on workers. 7. describe the impact of new technology and transportation systems on American business and agriculture, particularly in expanding the market economy and creating a sectional division of labor. 8. describe the sequence of major transportation systems that developed from 1790 to 1860 and indicate their economic consequences. 9. describe the effects of an increasingly specialized market economy on American society, including its impact on women and the family. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. caste An exclusive or rigid social distinction based on birth, wealth, occupation, and so forth. “There was freedom from aristocratic caste and state church…” 2. nativist One who advocates favoring native-born citizens over aliens or immigrants. “The invasion of this so-called immigrant ‘rabble’…inflamed the prejudices of American ‘nativists.’” 3. factory An establishment for the manufacturing of goods, including buildings and substantial machinery. “The factory system gradually spread from England—‘the world’s workshop’—to other lands.” 4. trademark A distinguishing symbol or word used by a manufacturer on its goods, usually registered by law to protect against imitators. “…unscrupulous Yankee manufacturers… learned to stamp their own products with faked English trademarks.” 5. distaff The staff from which thread is drawn in spinning; hence, a symbol of spinning or, sometimes, of work usually done by women or considered appropriate for them. “…New England…exchanged the trident for the distaff.” 6. liability Legal responsibility for loss or damage. “The principle of limited liability aided the concentration of capital….” 7. incorporation The formation of individuals into a legally organized group. “… businessmen could create corporations….” 8. labor union An organization of workers—usually wage-earning workers—to promote the interests and welfare of its members, often by collective bargaining with employers. “They were forbidden by law to form labor unions….” 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
9. strike An organized work stoppage by employees in order to obtain better wages, working conditions, and so on. “Not surprisingly, only twenty-four recorded strikes occurred before 1835.” 10. capitalist An individual or group who uses private property to produce goods for profit in
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

Page1 / 7

SG15 - Study Guide for Chapter 15 Forging the National...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online