SG17 - Study Guide for Chapter 17 The South and the Slavery...

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Study Guide for Chapter 17 The South and the Slavery Controversy, 1793 – 1860 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. point out he economic strengths and weaknesses of the “Cotton Kingdom,” 2. describe the southern planter aristocracy and identify its strengths and weaknesses. 3. describe the nonslaveholding white majority of the South and explain its relations with both the planter elite and the black slaves. 4. describe the nature of African-American life, both free and slave, before the Civil War. 5. describe the effects of the “peculiar institution” of slavery on both blacks and whites. 6. explain why abolitionism was at first unpopular in the North and describe how it gradually gained strength. 7. describe the fierce southern response to abolitionism and the growing defense of slavery as a “positive good.” B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. oligarchy Rule by a small elite. “…the South was…not so much a democracy as an oligarchy….” 2. medievalism Devotion to the social values, customs, or beliefs thought to be characteristic of the European Middle Ages. “Southern aristocrats…strove to perpetuate a type of medievalism that had died out in Europe.…” 3. commission Fee paid to an agent in a transaction, usually as a percentage of the sale. “They were pained by the heavy outward flow of commissions….” 4. middlemen In commerce, those who stand between the producer and the retailer or consumer. “[Southern planters] were pained by the heavy outward flow…to northern middlemen, bankers, agents, and shippers.” 5. racism Belief in the superiority of one race over another or behavior reflecting such a belief. “Thus did the logic of economics join with the illogic of racism in buttressing the slave system.” 6. fecund Fruitful in the bearing numerous children. “…some of these fecund females were promised their freedom….” 7. overseer Someone who governs or directs the work of t another. “…under the watchful eyes and ready whip-hand of a white overseer or black ‘diver.’” 8. sabotage Intentional destruction or damage of goods, machines, or productive processes. “They sabotaged expensive equipment….” 9. fratricidal Literally, concerning the killing of brothers; often applied to the killing of relatives or countrymen. “…supported a frightfully costly fratricidal war as the price of emancipation.” 10. incendiary A person who willfully stirs up riot of rebellion. “The nullification crisis… conjur[ed] up nightmares of black incendiaries and abolitionist devils.” Part II: Checking Your Progress A. True-False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, a d correct it in the space immediately below. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG17 - Study Guide for Chapter 17 The South and the Slavery...

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