SG19 - Study Guide for Chapter 19 Renewing the Sectional...

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Study Guide for Chapter 19 Renewing the Sectional Struggle 1848 – 1854 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After Mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. explain how the issue of slavery in the territories acquired from Mexico disrupted American politics from 1848 to 1850. 2. point out the major terms of the Compromise of 1850 and indicate how this agreement attempted to deal with the issue of slavery. 3. indicate how the Whig party disintegrated and disappeared because of its divisions over slavery. 4. describe how the Pierce administration engaged in various pro-southern overseas expansionist ventures. 5. describe Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska Act and explain why it stirred the sectional controversy to new heights. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. self-determination In politics, the right of a people to assert its own national identity or form of government without outside influence. “The public liked it because it accorded with the democratic tradition of self-determination.” 2. homestead A family home or farm with buildings and land sufficient for survival. “…they broadened their appeal…by urging free government homesteads for settlers. 3. vigilante Concerning groups that claim to punish crime and maintain order without legal authority to do so. “…violence was only partly discouraged by rough vigilante justice.” 4. sanctuary A place of refuge or protection, where people are safe from punishment by the law. “…scores of…runaway slaves…were spirited…to the free-soil sanctuary of Canada.” 5. fugitive A person who flees from danger or prosecution. “…southerners were demanding a new and more stringent fugitive-slave law.” 6. topography The precise surface features and details of a place – for example, rivers, bridges, hills – in relation to one another. “The good Lord had decreed – through climate, topography, and geography – that a plantation economy…could not profitably exist in the Mexican Cession territory….” 7. mundane Belonging to this world, as opposed to the spiritual world. “…Christian legislators must obey God’s moral law as well as mundane human law.” 8. statecraft The art of government leadership. “The Whigs…missed a splendid opportunity to capitalize on their record in statecraft.” 9. isthmian Concerning a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land. “…neither America nor Britain would fortify or secure exclusive control over any future isthmian waterway.” 10. filibustering Referring to adventurers who conduct a private war against a foreign country. “During 1850 – 1851 two ‘filibustering’ expeditions descended upon Cuba.” 11. consulate The office of a foreign official, usually not the ambassador, appointed to look after his or her country’s interests or citizens in a particular place. “...an angry mob sacked Spain’s consulate in New Orleans.” 12.
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SG19 - Study Guide for Chapter 19 Renewing the Sectional...

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