SG22 - Study Guide for Chapter 22 The Furnace of Civil War,...

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The Furnace of Civil War, 1861-1865 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe the failure of the North to gain its expected early victory in 1861. 2. explain the significance of Antietam and the Northern turn to a "total war" against slavery. 3. describe the role that African-Americans played during the war. 4. describe the military significance of the battles of Gettysburg in the East and Vicksburg in the West. 5. describe the political struggle between Lincoln's "Union party" and the antiwar Copperheads. 6. describe the end of the war and list its final consequences. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. mediation The attempt to resolve a dispute through the intervention or counsel of a third 2. party . "The British and French governments were on the verge of diplomatic mediation. .. 3. proclamation An official announcement or publicly declared order. "Thus, the Emancipation Proclamation was stronger on proclamation than emancipation." 4. grapevine The informal network by which information, rumors, gossip, and so on are spread. 5. "Through the “grapevine,” the blacks learned of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation." 6. flank The side of an army, where it is vulnerable to attack. "Lee. .. sent “Stonewall” Jackson to attack the Union flank." 7. court-martial A military court or a trial held in such a court under military law. "Resigning from the army to avoid a court-martial for drunkenness, he failed at various business ventures. ... 8. garrison A military fortress, or the troops stationed at such a fortress, usually designed for defense or occupation of a territory. "Vicksburg at length surrendered . . . with the garrison reduced to eating mules and rats." 9. morale The condition of courage, confidence, and willingness to endure hardship. "One of his major purposes was . . . to weaken the morale of the men at the front by waging war on their homes.” 10. riffraff The segment of society regarded as worthless or undisciplined. ". . . roving riffraff (Sherman's `bummers') engaged in an orgy of pillaging." 11. pillaging Plundering, looting, destroying property by violence. ". . . his army… engaged in an orgy of pillaging." 12. running mate In politics, the candidate for the lesser of two offices when they are decided together-for example, the U.S. vice presidency. "Lincoln's running mate was ex-tailor Andrew Johnson. ...” PART II: Checking Your Progress A. True-False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. ___1. The First Battle of Bull Run was the turning point of the Civil War because it convinced the South
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SG22 - Study Guide for Chapter 22 The Furnace of Civil War,...

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