Study Guide for Chapter 14
Jacksonian Democracy at Flood Tide, 1830-1840
PART I: Reviewing the Chapter
Checklist of Learning Objectives
After mastering this chapter, you should be able to
1. describe how Jackson thwarted the radical nullifiers in South Carolina, while making some
political concessions to the South.
2. explain how and why Jackson attacked and destroyed the Bank of the United States and indicate
the political and economic effects of his action.
3. analyze the political innovations of the 1830s, including national conventions, the birth of the
Whig party, and the second two-party system.
4. describe Jackson’s policies toward the southeastern Indian tribes and newly independent Texas.
5. describe the economic and political woes of Jackson’s successor, Van Buren.
6. describe how the Whigs effectively appropriated the popular campaign techniques of the New
Democracy and used them to defeat the Democrats in 1840
asses the positive and negative results of Jacksonian democracy.
To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following
A tax, particularly a tariff or duty on imported goods. “.
.. it did lower the imposts.
The policy of giving in to demands of a hostile of dangerous power in hoped of
avoiding conflict. “Later generations.
.. have condemned the ‘appeasement’ of South Carolina in
1833 as sheer folly.”
Concerning an extremely wealthy ruling class. “The ’Old Hero’ assailed the
plutocratic and monopolistic
bank as unconstitutional.”
Unreasonable suspicion, bias, or hatred directed at members of a group. “Jackson
succeeded in mobilizing the prejudices of the West against the East.”
A set form or system of ceremonies, often but not necessarily religious. “.
.. a New
.. was threatening to expose the secret rituals of the Masons.
Concerning religious belief, commonly Protestant, that emphasizes personal
salvation, individual and voluntary religious commitment, and the authority of Scripture. “The
Anti-Masons attracted support from many evangelical Protestant groups.
Something or someone cursed or expelled from a group. “This moral busybodies was
anathema to the Jacksonian.
A statement of the principles or positions of a political party. “.
.. National Republicans
added still another innovation when they adopted formal platforms.
Something authoritatively commanded or required. “He was convinced that he now
had a ‘mandate’ from the voters.
In American religion, the major branches of Christianity, organized into
separate national churches structures, e.g., Presbyterians, Baptists, Disciples of Christ. “.
denominations sent missionaries into Indian villages.”
Something that confines, restrains, or shackles. “Hardy Texan pioneers.
trammels imposed by a ‘foreign’ government.”