SG14 - Study Guide for Chapter 14 Jacksonian Democracy at...

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Study Guide for Chapter 14 Jacksonian Democracy at Flood Tide, 1830-1840 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. describe how Jackson thwarted the radical nullifiers in South Carolina, while making some political concessions to the South. 2. explain how and why Jackson attacked and destroyed the Bank of the United States and indicate the political and economic effects of his action. 3. analyze the political innovations of the 1830s, including national conventions, the birth of the Whig party, and the second two-party system. 4. describe Jackson’s policies toward the southeastern Indian tribes and newly independent Texas. 5. describe the economic and political woes of Jackson’s successor, Van Buren. 6. describe how the Whigs effectively appropriated the popular campaign techniques of the New Democracy and used them to defeat the Democrats in 1840 7. asses the positive and negative results of Jacksonian democracy. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. impost A tax, particularly a tariff or duty on imported goods. “. .. it did lower the imposts. ..” 2. appeasement The policy of giving in to demands of a hostile of dangerous power in hoped of avoiding conflict. “Later generations. .. have condemned the ‘appeasement’ of South Carolina in 1833 as sheer folly.” 3. plutocratic Concerning an extremely wealthy ruling class. “The ’Old Hero’ assailed the plutocratic and monopolistic bank as unconstitutional.” 4. prejudice Unreasonable suspicion, bias, or hatred directed at members of a group. “Jackson succeeded in mobilizing the prejudices of the West against the East.” 5. ritual A set form or system of ceremonies, often but not necessarily religious. “. .. a New Yorker. .. was threatening to expose the secret rituals of the Masons. ..” 6. evangelical Concerning religious belief, commonly Protestant, that emphasizes personal salvation, individual and voluntary religious commitment, and the authority of Scripture. “The Anti-Masons attracted support from many evangelical Protestant groups. ..” 7. anathema Something or someone cursed or expelled from a group. “This moral busybodies was anathema to the Jacksonian. ..” 8. platform A statement of the principles or positions of a political party. “. .. National Republicans added still another innovation when they adopted formal platforms. ..” 9. mandate Something authoritatively commanded or required. “He was convinced that he now had a ‘mandate’ from the voters. ..” 10. denominations In American religion, the major branches of Christianity, organized into separate national churches structures, e.g., Presbyterians, Baptists, Disciples of Christ. “. .. many denominations sent missionaries into Indian villages.” 11. trammel Something that confines, restrains, or shackles. “Hardy Texan pioneers. ..resent[ed] the trammels imposed by a ‘foreign’ government.” 12.
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SG14 - Study Guide for Chapter 14 Jacksonian Democracy at...

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