SG24 - Study Guide for Chapter 24 Politics in the Gilded...

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Study Guide for Chapter 24 Politics in the Gilded Age, 1869-1889 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After Mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. Describe the political corruptions of the Grant administration and the various efforts to clean up politics in the Gilded Age. 2. Describe the economic slump of the 1870s and the growing conflict between “hard-money” and “soft money” advocates. 3. List the reasons for the intense political involvements of the age, despite the agreement of the two parties on most issues. 4. Analyze the disputed Hayes-Tilden election of 1876 and explain how the Compromise of 1877 averted possible bloodshed. 5. Explain the importance of the spoils system in Gilded Age politics and how the Garfield assassination led to the beginnings of the civil service. 6. Discuss how the issueless political contests of the 1880s became increasingly nasty and personal, until Cleveland made the tariff question a focus of political debate. 7. Explain why the level of politics in the Gilded Age was generally so low. B. Glossary To build your social since vocabulary, familiarize yourself wit h the following terms. 1. Coalition a temporary alliance of political factions or partiers for some specific purpose. “The Republicans now freed from the Union party coalition of war days, enthusiastically nominated Grant…” 2. Corner to gain exclusive control of a commodity in order to fix its price. “The crafty pair concocted a plot in 1869 3. Eccentric deviating from the norm; peculiar, unconventional. “…the eccentric editor had long blasted them as traitors…” 4. Amnesty a general pardon for offenses or crimes against a government. “The Republican Congress IN 1872 passed a general amnesty act….” 5. Hard money scarce money with high purchase value. “… ‘Hard money’ people everywhere looked forward to the complete disappearance of greenbacks.” 6. Sound money money adequately backed by capital assets or reserves. “Grant’s name continued to be associated with sound money….” 7. Contraction in finance, reducing the available supply of money, thus tending to raise interest rates and lower prices. “Coupled with the reduction of greenbacks, this policy was called ‘contraction.” 8. Soft money plentiful or inflated money. “Soft money advocates continued to clamor for the unlimited coinage of all silver mined….” 9. Fraternal organization a society of men drawn together for social purposes and sometimes to pursue other common goals. “….the Grand Army of the Republic was a politically potent fraternal organization of several hundred thousand Union veterans of the Civil War.” 10. Consensus common or unanimous opinion. “How can this apparent paradox of political consensus and partisan fervor be explained?” 11. Kickback the return of a portion of the money received in a sale or contract, often secretly or illegally, in exchange for favors. “The lifeblood of both parties was patronage-disbursing jobs by the bucketful in return for cotes, kickbacks and party service.” 1
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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SG24 - Study Guide for Chapter 24 Politics in the Gilded...

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