SG33 - Study Guide for Chapter 33 The War to End War,...

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Study Guide for Chapter 33 The War to End War, 1917-1918 Part 1: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. explain what caused America to enter World War I 2. describe how Wilsonian idealism turned the war into an ideological crusade that inspired fervor and overwhelmed dissent. 3. Discuss the mobilization of America for war. 4. Explain the consequences of World War I for labor, women, and African-Americans. 5. Describe Americas economic and military role in the war. 6. Analyze Wilson’s attempt to forge a peace based on his Fourteen Points and explain why developments at home and abroad forced him to compromise. 7. Discuss the opposition of Lodge and others to Wilson’s League and show how Wilson’s refusal to compromise doomed the treaty of Versailles. B. Glossary To build you social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. maelstrom A violently turbulent and dangerous state of affairs. “. ..America could [not] pursue the profits of neutral trade without being sucked into the ghastly maelstrom.” 2. depredation a destructive assault or plundering “. .. Wilson had drawn a clear. .. line against the depredations of the submarine.” 3. mobilization the organization of a nation and its armed forces of war. “Creel typified American war mobilization.” 4. pardon The official release of a person form punishment for a crime. “. ..Presidential pardons were rather freely granted. ..” 5. ration A fixed allowance of food or other scarce commodity. “He deliberately rejected issuing ration cards. ..” 6. conscientious objector A person who refuses to participate in war on good grounds or conscience or belief. . “. ..about 4,000 conscientious objectors were excused.” 7. Bolshevik The radical majority faction of the Russian Socialist party that seized power in the October 1917 revolution: they later took the name Communist. “[A] major American purpose [was] to snatch military supplies from Bolshevik control.” 8. salient A portion of a battle line that extends forward into enemy territory. “. ..Nine American divisions. ..joined four French divisions to push the Germans from the St. Mihiel salient. ..” 9. parliamentary Concerning political systems in which the government is constituted from the controlling party’s members in the legislative assembly. “Unlike all the parliamentary statesmen at the table, [Wilson] did not command a legislative majority at home.” 10. messiah A savior or hero, regarded as divinely chosen and favored. “. ..The statesmen. ..were careful to the new messiah at arm’s length. ..” 11. trustee A nation that holds the territory of a former colony as the conditional agent if an international body. “ The victors would. ..receive the conquered territory. ..only as trustees of the League of Nations.” 1
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12. mandate A specific commission form the League of Nations that authorized a trustee to administer a former colonial
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG33 - Study Guide for Chapter 33 The War to End War,...

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