SG11 - Study Guide for Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails...

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Study Guide for Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails of Jeffersonian Democracy, 1800-1812 PART I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. Explain how Jefferson’s moderation and compromises turned the “Revolution of 1800” into a relatively smooth transition of party control from Federalists to Republicans. 2. Describe the conflicts between Federalists and Republicans over the judiciary and the important legal precedents that developed from these conflicts. 3. Describe Jefferson’s basic foreign-policy goals and how he attempted to achieve them. 4. Analyze the causes and effects of the Louisiana Purchase. 5. Describe how America became entangled against its will in the turbulent international crisis of Napoleonic Wars. 6. Describe the original intentions and actual results of Jefferson’s embargo and explain why it failed. 7. Explain the complex causes of the war of 1812. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. patronage “ Denied the power to dispense patronage, the Democratic-Republicans could not build loyal political following.” 2. writ A formal legal document ordering or prohibiting some act. “…His Jeffersonian arrivals… would hardly enforce a writ to deliver commission….” 3. tribunal A court of justice of the place where it renders judgment. “…the black-robed tribunal of the Supreme Court had the last word on the question of constitutionality.” 4. impeachment “Jefferson urged the impeachment of an arrogant and tart-tongued Supreme Court justice….” 5. pacifist Characterized by principle opposition to all war and belief in non interventionist, the pacifist….” 6. frigate A fast, heavily armed warship, usually with two decks and high rigging. “The money could have been much more wisely invested in a few frigates of the Constitution class.” 7. cede To yield or grant something, often upon request or under pressure. (Anything ceded is a cession.) “Napoleon Bonaparte included the king of Spain to cede to France…the immense trans- Mississippi region….” 8. precedent In law and government, a decision or action that establishes a sanctioned rule for determining similar cases in the future.”…the transfer established a precedent that was to be followed repeatedly….” 9. sectionalist Person devoted to the cause of a particular section of the country, as opposed to the nation as a whole. “Once-proud Federalists, now mere sectionalist, sank even lower in public esteem…” 10. conscription Compulsory enrollment of men and women into the armed forces. “Impressments… were crude from conscription….” 11. broadside The simultaneous firing of all guns on one side of a ship. “The British warship there upon fired three devastating broadside….” 12. embargo A government order prohibiting commerce in or out of a port. “…enacting the embargo was like cutting off one’s toes to cure one’s corns.” 1
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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SG11 - Study Guide for Chapter 11 The Triumphs and Travails...

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