SG34 - Study Guide for Chapter 34 American Life in...

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Study Guide for Chapter 34 American Life in the "Roaring Twenties," 1919-1929 Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to 1. Analyze the movement toward social conservatism following World War I. 2. Describe the cultural conflicts over such issues as prohibition and evolution. 3. Discuss the rise of the mass-consumption economy, led by the automobile industry. 4. Describe the cultural revolution brought about by radio, films, and changing sexual standards. 5. Explain how new ideas and values were reflected and promoted in the American literacy renaissance of the 1920s. 6. Explain how the era’s cultural changes affected women and African-Americans. B. Glossary To build your social science vocabulary, familiarize yourself with the following terms. 1. syndicalism A theory or movement that advocates bringing all economic and political power into the hands of labor unions by means of strike. “…a number of legislatures…passed criminal syndicalism laws.” 2. Bible Belt The region of the American South, extending roughly from North Carolina west to Oklahoma and Texas, where Protestant Fundamentalism and belief in literal interpretation of the Bible have been strongest. “… the Klan spread with astonishing rapidity, especially in… the ‘Bible Belt’ South.” 3. provincial narrow and limited; isolated from cosmopolitan influences. “Isolationist America of the 1920s, ingrown and provincial, had little use for… immigrants….” 4. racketeer A person who obtains money illegally by fraud, bootlegging, gambling, or threats of violence. “Racketeers even invaded the ranks of local labor unions….” 5. underworld Those who live outside society’s laws, by vice or crime. “…the annual ‘take’ of the underworld was estimated to be from $12 billion to $18 billion….” 6. credit In business, the arrangement of purchasing goods or services immediately but making the payment at a later date. “Buying on credit was another innovative feature of the postwar economy.” 7. installment plan A credit system by which goods already acquired are paid for in a series of payments at specified intervals. “…encouraged by the perfecting of installment-plan buying, countless Americans… acquired the habit of riding as they paid.” 8. magnate An influential person in a large-scale enterprise. “…an outraged public forced the screen magnates to set up their own rigorous code of censorship.” 9. repression In psychology, the forcing of instincts or ideas painful to the conscious mind into the unconscious, where they continue to exercise influence. “[Freud] appeared to argue that sexual repression was responsible for a variety of nervous and emotional ills.” 10. impresario The organizer or manager of a music or dance enterprise. “Caucasian impresarios cornered the profits….” 11. functionalism The theory that a plan or design should be derived from practical purpose. “Architecture also married itself to the new materialism and functionalism.”
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course HIST 45213 taught by Professor Platt during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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SG34 - Study Guide for Chapter 34 American Life in...

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