BUREAUCRACY - BUREAUCRACY Bureaucracy is a form of...

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BUREAUCRACY Bureaucracy is a form of organization. It is not unique to the public sector. Rather it is an organizational type that has been used widely in both the public and private sector. It was designed as a means of overcoming the limitations of pre-industrial organizations that typically were based upon patronage. PATRONAGE VS. CIVIL SERVICE. In the 1700 and 1800s Congress was the dominant force in federal political appointments. These were typically rewards to supporters or offered as a way of building party loyalty. For example, the period from 1816 to 1861 saw an eight fold increase in the number of federal employees (mostly through appointments to the Post Office). The agencies were not in the business of regulating. Instead their work was to serve specialized constituencies such as veterans or farmers. At the local level the later half of the 1800s saw the rise of party machines organized around political bosses. These too were based upon loyalty and patronage. In many ways bureaucracy is the price of patronage. To replace bloated bureaus living off of graft and corruption we created bureaus based on profession competence and shielded from political influence. President Wilson in particular was an advocate of adopting Prussian style military bureaucratic principles in public administration. This stance came to be known as the
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2010 for the course POL 1101 taught by Professor White during the Fall '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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BUREAUCRACY - BUREAUCRACY Bureaucracy is a form of...

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