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Chapter 6 part 1 - Chapter 6 Part 1 1 a The House and...

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Chapter 6 – Part 1 1. a. The House and Senate occupy the center stage in national policy making, although their power over legislation is not unalloyed, for the Constitution gives a share of legislative authority to the president. b. Electoral politics influences almost everything members of Congress do, collectively and individually. c. The majority party, through its leaders, directs and sometimes dominates the action in the House and Senate. d. The rules and organizational structures the House and Senate adopt have a deliberate and crucial effect on both the distribution of power and policymaking in Congress. e. It is always far easier to sop things from happening in Congress than to make things happen. 2. Senators are chosen by state legislatures, not directly by voters a. Term = 6 years b. Minimum age for representatives = 25. For senate = 30 c. Representatives must have been citizens for at least 7 years. For senate, 9 years. d. Must reside in the state they represent 3. Proportional representation – an electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded to candidates or parties in proportion to the percentage of votes received 4. Gerrymandering
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