Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Political party a coalition of...

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Chapter 12 Political party - a coalition of people who seek to control the machinery of government by winning elections Incentives for Party Building : o To build stable legislative and electoral alliances o To mobilize voters o To develop new electoral techniques o To use party labels and enforce collective responsibility Two-party system – a political system in which only two major parties compete for all of the elective offices Proportional representation – an electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded to candidates or parties in proportion to the percentage of votes received Fusion tickets – slates of candidates that “fused” the nominees of minor and major parties. Now banned by states legislatures. Allowed minor parties to boost their votes by nominating candidates also nominated by major parties Patronage – the practice of awarding jobs, grants, licenses, or other special favors in exchange for political support
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