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Running head: GENDER INEQUALITY1Gender InequalityStudents NameInstitution of Affiliation
GENDER INEQUALITY2Gender InequalityHOW IDEOLOGIES AND INSTITUTIONS REPRODUCE AND MAINTAIN GENDER INEQUALITYThe social construction of gender is a theory about gender operations and the differences between genders. According to this theory, the society has gender roles which are perceived to beideal for a person of a specific gender. Sociology researchers have argued that the behaviors in gender are social conventions, and while others argue that the behavior is influenced by biological factors (Okwany, 2016). The conceptions of femininity and masculinity exist where gender roles are part of. Recent studies have provided evidence on how an understanding of gender is socially constructed. Social mechanisms play a key role in the shift to another racial category, and they vary with different individuals. The society plays a significant role in influencing our understanding of the perceptions of masculinity and femininity differences. Just like the way gender and sex are not aligned together, the same case applies to gender and sexuality.Ideologies that support big institutions also can influence a person's understanding of life. For institutions that are backed up by an ideology, their supporters help them through strong commitment. Institutions and ideologies also maintain gender inequality by enforcing laws that are formed based on myths and traditional norms while failing to rely on the truth (Okwany, 2016). One of the messages that are supported by religious texts is that women must be weak andinferior to their male partners and any other men. The ideologies are usually culturally based or religiously based, but what makes them similar is that both keep up with gender inequality.
GENDER INEQUALITY2The legal and formal institutions have changed the rules and policies governing gender practices so that the experiences of the female gender may be mainstreamed to address gender inequality. However, the existing social and cultural beliefs have been in support of male dominance in society. For instance, although many African countries have implemented several policies to address gender inequality, women have become disadvantaged in some communities through FGM, early marriages, and denial of owning property rights1(Okwany, 2016). The cultural beliefs and practices are not the only ones to blame since religion also takes part in influencing the behavior of people of different genders. For instance, God is explained as a male