15_CollaborativeEnvironments - CSI1306F...

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LECTURE 15: “COLLABORATIVE WORK ENVIRONMENTS” CSI 1306 F “Computing Concepts for Business”
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Collaborative Work Environments What are collaborative environments? An environment (physical or virtual) allowing many  contributors to communicate and work together on a common  task/document/project/etc. Allows for cooperative work.
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Collaborative Work Environments Historically, collaborative work environments were  defined by geographic boundaries This meant teams were made up of people who were situated  very close geographically (i.e., same building, same floor, etc.) However, due to globalization it is not uncommon to  have team members in different  cities/countries/continents
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Collaborative Work Environments How to solve the problem of communicating and  collaborating in real-time with people not in the  same room? Many different types of collaborative models have  been proposed, early examples include: E-mail Common File Access Instant Messaging Video Conferencing
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Collaborative Work Environments More recent or emerging collaborative models  include: Wikis Google Docs Microsoft Office 2010 Web Apps Google Wave
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E-Mail Ideas which would lead to modern e-mail were first  proposed at MIT in 1961. Current standards for sending and encoding  messages published in 1982. E-mail was revolutionary, providing an alternative to  the telephone for communicating remotely.
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E-Mail E-Mail is an asynchronous collaborative environment Information shared in a non-interactive way Information shared sequentially Sender sends a message, eventually receives a response then sends  another messages. .. Due to asynchronicity tends to be a slower, less reliable  solution to the problem of interacting/communicating with  remote users. 
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How E-Mail Works
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Common File Access Allows multiple users access to the same file from a  common repository. Merges updates seamlessly. Used often in software development; however also  useful for Word or Spreadsheet documents that  change often User manuals Company/Department budget Design documents
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Common File Access How it works: Server stores the files (each identified with a version number) User “checks out” a file and makes changes User “commits” changes to the file Server stores the updated version of the file (along with 
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15_CollaborativeEnvironments - CSI1306F...

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