{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter-32 - A.P U.S H istory Notes...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A.P. U.S. History Notes Chapter 32: “American Life in the  ‘Roaring Twenties’” ~ 1919 – 1929 ~ I. Insulating America from the Radical Virus 1. After World War I , America turned inward, away from the world, and denounced “radical” foreign ideas and “un-American” lifestyles. 2. The “red scare” of 1919-20 resulted in Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer (“Fighting Quaker”) using a series of raids to round up and arrest about 6000 suspected Communists. 3. In December of 1919, 249 alleged alien radicals were deported on the Buford . 4. The red scare severely cut back on free speech for a period, since the hysteria caused many people to want to eliminate any Communists. i. Some states made it illegal to merely advocate the violent overthrow of government for social change. ii. In 1921, Nicola Sacco , a shoe-factory worker, and Bartolomeo Vanzetti , a fish peddler, were convicted of murdering a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard; in that case, the jury and judge were prejudiced in some degree because the two were Italians, atheists, anarchists, and draft dodgers. a. In this time period, anti-foreignism was high as well. b. Liberals and radicals rallied around the two men, but they died anyway. II. Hooded Hoodlums of the KKK 1. The new Ku Klux Klan was anti-foreign, anti-Catholic, anti-black, anti-Jewish, anti-pacifist, anti-Communist, anti-internationalist, anti-revolutionist, anti-bootlegger, anti-gambling, anti- adultery, and anti-birth control. 2. At its peak in the 1920s, it claimed 5 million members, mostly from the South, but it also featured a reign of hooded horror. 3. It was stopped not by the exposure of its horrible intolerance but by its money fraud! III. Stemming the Foreign Flood 1. In 1920-21, some 800,000 Europeans (mostly from the southeastern regions) came to the U.S., and to quell the fears of the “100% Americans,” Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 , in which newcomers from Europe were restricted at any year to a quota, which was set at 3% of the people of their nationality who lived in the U.S. in 1910. i. This really favored the Slavs and the southeaster Europeans. 2. This was then replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924 , which cut the quota down to 2% and the origins base was shifted to that of 1890, when few southeaster Europeans lived in America. i. This act also slammed the door against Japanese immigrants. ii. By 1931, for the first time in history, more people left America than came here. 3. The immigrant tide was now cut off, but those that were in America struggled to adapt. i. Labor unions in particular had difficulty in organizing because of the differences in race, culture, and nationality. IV. The Prohibition “Experiment” 1. The 18 th Amendment (and later, the Volstead Act) prohibited the sale of alcohol, but this law never was effectively enforced because so many people violated it.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern