1 Intro

1 Intro - Lecture 1: Introduction to Neuroscience and...

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Lecture 1: Introduction to Neuroscience and Occupation
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What is neuroscience? A field of study that deals with the structure, function, development, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system
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What does neuroscience have to do  with becoming an OT? List 2 reasons why you think taking this course will be useful to you as an OT. 1. 2.
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It’s like learning a new language! Superior/inferior: above/below another part Ventral/dorsal: toward the front/back Anterior/posterior: toward the front/back Rostral/caudal: toward the head/tail
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It’s like learning a new language! Medial/lateral: toward/away from the midline Proximal/distal: nearest/farthest from the point of origin Ispi/contralateral: same/opposite side of the body Brain control?
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Other Important Terms Somatic/Visceral Afferent/Efferent Lesion: an area of damage or dysfunction Focal Multifocal Diffuse
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Planes Coronal (frontal) Sagittal Transverse (horizontal)
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Organizational Principles Structural Principles Localization of function: Topographic and somatotopic representation Functional Principles
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Somatotopic Organization
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Structural Principles Phylogenetic layers: oldest structures (life sustaining) are located deep within the core, while newer structures (most differentiated) are located toward the surface
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Structural Principles Convergence: Divergence:
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Structural Principles Vertical (longitudinal) systems Horizontal (segmental) systems
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Longitudinal Systems Generally crossed so that the right hemisphere “controls” the left side of the body ( ___________ side) Places of decussation Ascending tracts (sensory) Descending tracts (motor)
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1 Intro - Lecture 1: Introduction to Neuroscience and...

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