Features are provided to specify instruction operands

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Unformatted text preview: y of the top stack element onto the stack. Figure 3.31 shows the instructions that store the top stack element either in memory or in another floatingpoint register. There are both “popping” versions that pop the top element off the stack, similar to the storep instruction for our hypothetical stack evaluator, as well as nonpopping versions that leave the source value on the top of the stack. As with the floating-point load instructions, different variants of the instruction generate different formats for the result and therefore store different numbers of bytes. The first group of these store the result in memory. The address is specified using any of the memory operand formats listed in Figure 3.3. The second group copies the top stack element to some other floating-point register. Practice Problem 3.26: Assume for the following code fragment that register %eax contains an integer variable x and that the top two stack elements correspond to variables a and b, respectively. Fill in the boxes to diagram the 180 CHAPTER 3. MACHINE-LEVEL REPRESENTATION OF C PROGRAMS Instruct...
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