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Unformatted text preview: achieved wide-scale use. Bell Laboratories was an original partner in the Multics project, but dropped out in 1969 because of concern over the complexity of the project and the lack of progress. In reaction to their unpleasant Multics experience, a group of Bell Labs researchers — Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, Doug McIlroy, and Joe Ossanna — began work in 1969 on a simpler operating system for a DEC PDP-7 computer, written entirely in machine language. Many of the ideas in the new system, such as the hierarchical file system and the notion of a shell as a user-level process, were borrowed from Multics, but implemented in a smaller, simpler package. In 1970, Brian Kernighan dubbed the new system “Unix” as a pun on the complexity of “Multics.” The kernel was rewritten in C in 1973, and Unix was announced to the outside world in 1974 [61]. Because Bell Labs made the source code available to schools with generous terms, Unix developed a large following at universities. The most influe...
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2010 for the course ELECTRICAL 360 taught by Professor Schultz during the Spring '10 term at BYU.

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