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Unformatted text preview: oth positive and negative numbers upward, giving a value Ü· such that Ü Ü· . Roundtoeven at ﬁrst seems like it has a rather arbitrary goal—why is there any reason to prefer even numbers? Why not consistently round values halfway between two representable values upward? The problem with such a convention is that one can easily imagine scenarios in which rounding a set of data values would then introduce a statistical bias into the computation of an average of the values. The average of a set of numbers that we rounded by this means would be slightly higher than the average of the numbers themselves. Conversely, if we always rounded numbers halfway between downward, the average of a set of rounded numbers would be slightly lower than the average of the numbers themselves. Rounding toward even numbers avoids this statistical bias in most reallife situations. It will round upward about 50% of the time and round downward about 50% of the time. Roundtoeven rounding can be applied even when we are not rounding t...
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 Spring '10
 Schultz
 The American

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