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Unformatted text preview: xample, many sites back up local disks onto archival magnetic tapes. At some of these sites, human operators manually mount the tapes onto tape drives as needed. At other sites, tape robots handle this task automatically. In either case, the collection of tapes represents a level in the memory hierarchy, below the local disk level, and the same general principles apply. Tapes are cheaper per byte than disks, which allows sites to archive multiple snapshots of their local disks. The tradeoff is that tapes take longer to access than disks. End Aside. 6.3. THE MEMORY HIERARCHY 301 6.3.1 Caching in the Memory Hierarchy In general, a cache (pronounced “cash”) is a small, fast storage device that acts as a staging area for the data objects stored in a larger, slower device. The process of using a cache is known as caching (pronounced “cashing”). The central idea of a memory hierarchy is that for each , the faster and smaller storage device at level serves as a cache for the larger and slower storage device at level · ½. In other words, each level in the hierarchy caches d...
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