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Unformatted text preview: ame to the network. 4. When the frame reaches the router, the router’s LAN1 adapter reads it from the wire and passes it to the protocol software. 5. The router fetches the destination internet address from the internet packet header and uses this as an index into a routing table to determine where to forward the packet, which in this case is LAN2. The router then strips off the old LAN1 frame header, prepends a new LAN2 frame header addressed to host B, and passes the resulting frame to the adapter. 6. The router’s LAN2 adapter copies the frame to the network. 7. When the frame reaches host B, its adapter reads the frame from the wire and passes it to the protocol software. 8. Finally, the protocol software on host B strips off the packet header and frame header. The protocol software will eventually copy the resulting data into the server’s virtual address space when the server invokes a system call that reads the data. Of course, we are glossing over many difficult issues here. What if different networks have different maximum frame sizes? How do routers know where to forward frames? How are routers informed when the the 12.3. THE GLOBAL IP INTERNET 611 network topology changes? What if packet gets lost? Nonetheless, our exampl...
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2010 for the course ELECTRICAL 360 taught by Professor Schultz during the Spring '10 term at BYU.

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