Rome%20Rising%20%2820%20September%202007%29

Rome%20Rising%20%2820%20September%202007%29 - H ISTORY...

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Unformatted text preview: H ISTORY 140/141 * F ALL 2007 C AROL S YMES Thursday, 20 September 2007 Rome Rising: The People, Powers, and Perspectives of the Early Republic How did the new Hellenistic world differ from the old world order? What made Roman culture distinctive? When and why did the city of Rome emerge as a great power? What was the Roman Republic? T ERMS I NTRODUCED IN L ECTURE Zoroastrianism, Judaism, cult of Dionysus, cult of Isis patricians (from the Latin pater, “father” – hence, those who can claim illustrious ancestors) patria potestas , “fatherly power” centurion ( centum , “a hundred”) translatio imperii = the “carrying-over” of empire (Latin: trans + latus ) Fortune ( fortuna ) vs. Fate ( fata ) res publica (Latin: “public” + “affairs, matter”) = English “republic” forum (Latin: open, public, space) senate (Latin: senex, “elder”) consuls, tribunes plebs, plebiscite, vulgus (Latin: “crowd, masses” – hence the term “vulgar”) S OURCES C ITED IN L ECTURE from the Histories of Polybius (200-118 B.C.E.), written in Greek:of Polybius (200-118 B....
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Rome%20Rising%20%2820%20September%202007%29 - H ISTORY...

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