The%20End%20of%20the%20Republic%20and%20the%20Empire%20of%20Augustus%20%2825%20September%202007%29

The%20End%20of%20the%20Republic%20and%20the%20Empire%20of%20Augustus%20%2825%20September%202007%29

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H ISTORY 140/141 * F ALL 2007 C AROL S YMES Tuesday, 25 September 2007 The End of the Republic and the Empire of Augustus Q UESTIONS TIO BE A DDRESSED IN L ECTURE What factors brought about the demise of the Roman Republic? Why was Julius Cæsar considered a threat? Who was Augustus? How was Rome refashioned under his rule? T ERMS I NTRODUCED IN L ECTURE triumph dictator (from the Latin dictus, “a pronouncement,” hence: “he whose word is law”) triumvirate (from tri + vir = “rule of three men”) Julian Calendar Principate (from princeps, “the first”) res gestæ (“deeds; things done, accomplished”) fasces ( “bundles” = a bundle of rods bound with an axe, symbolizing the power of extreme punishment) A DDITIONAL S OURCES C ITED IN L ECTURE William Shakespeare (1564-1616), The Tragedy of Julius Cæsar (1599) – based on Plutarch’s Lives Plutarch (46-120 C . E .), Life of Julius Cæsar : But what made Cæsar most openly and mortally hated was his passion to be made King . . . and it served as a useful pretext for those who had long hated him
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The%20End%20of%20the%20Republic%20and%20the%20Empire%20of%20Augustus%20%2825%20September%202007%29

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