Latin%20West%2c%20Greek%20East%20%2811%20October%202007%29

Latin%20West%2c%20Greek%20East%20%2811%20October%202007%29...

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H ISTORY 140/141 * F ALL 2007 C AROL S YMES Thursday, 11 October 2007 New Rome(s): Latin West, Greek East, and the Way the “Old” West Became the “Middle” East Q UESTIONS TO B E A DDRESSED IN T ODAY S L ECTURE How and why did the division between the Eastern and Western portions of Rome’s Empire widen? What were Justinian’s contributions to the “New Rome” of Byzantium? How did the rise of Islam affect both East and West? A DDITIONAL S OURCES C ITED IN L ECTURE Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) : East is East and West is West, and never the twain shall meet. Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths ( r. 493-526) addresses Germanic tribes in Gaul via his Latin secretary, a young Roman of good family called Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator : You who have been restored to it after many years should gladly obey Roman custom, for it is gratifying to return to that state from which your ancestors assuredly took their rise. And therefore, as men by God’s favor returned to ancient liberty, clothe yourselves in the morals of the toga, cast off barbarism, throw aside savagery of mind. For it is wrong, in my just times, to live by alien ways. Justinian’s preamble to his Code of Roman Law: With the aid of God, who governs our Empire, delivered to us by His Celestial Majesty, we carry on war successfully, and we adorn peace by maintaining the constitution of the state.
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