27 - POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient Greece...

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Unformatted text preview: POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient Greece Republics The Roman Republic: elections; weighted vote for the wealthy; few noble families Bands, Tribes & Decentralized Ritualized democracies Middle Ages Feudalism (clergy & feudal lords) Autonomous merchant city-states (Venice, Sakai, Lithuanian Commonwealth, etc.) Magna Carta and De Monforts Parliament in England. 18 th and 19 th centuries 1776: The united states = first liberal democracy = founders committed to principles of natural freedom and equality. Evolved from Jerffersonian Democracy to Jacksonian democracy and Reconstruction. 1789: Revolutionary France and the declaration of the rights of man. 20 th century Successive waves of democracy, variously resulting from wars, revolutions decolonization, and economic circumstances WW1: dissolution of Ottoman & Austro-Hungarian empires. 1920s: democratic flourish & great depression = emergence of strong man rulers. WWII: definite reversal of democracy in Europe (east Bloc). 1945-1960s: Rise of the sub-altans & collapse of empire & white supremacy = decolonization. Third Wave begins 1970s & 1980s 1989: collapse of the soviet union and east bloc 1990s: wind of change in Africa and demise of apartheid mid 1990s-2009: Indonesian Revolution Minimalist/Narrow/Representative Democracy (Schumpeterian) Citizens give teams of leaders the right to rule in periodic elections Contending Conceptions Polyarchy (Robert dahl) Role of Citizens o Formulate preferences Institutions: certain set of institutions & procedures leading to democracy: Elected officials Free and fair elections Inclusive sufferage Right to run for office Freedom of expression Alternative info Associational Deliberative Democracy: democracy govt. by discussion; laws and policies based on reasons/arguments acceptable by all citizens Radical: make visible and challenge hierarchical and oppressive power relations in society by allowing for difference, dissent and antagonisms in decision-making process.society by allowing for difference, dissent and antagonisms in decision-making process....
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27 - POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient Greece...

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