POS 351 NOTES

POS 351 NOTES - POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient...

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POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient Greece Republics The Roman Republic: elections; weighted vote for the wealthy; few noble families Middle Ages Autonomous merchant city-states (Venice, Sakai, Lithuanian Commonwealth, etc.) Magna Carta and De Monforts Parliament in England. 18 th and 19 th centuries 1776: The united states = first “liberal democracy” = founders committed to principles of natural freedom and equality. Evolved from Jerffersonian Democracy to Jacksonian democracy and Reconstruction. 1789: Revolutionary France and “the declaration of the rights of man. 20 th century Successive “waves of democracy,” variously resulting from wars, revolutions decolonization, and economic circumstances WWII: definite reversal of democracy in Europe (east Bloc). Third Wave begins 1970s & 1980s 1989: collapse of the soviet union and east bloc 1990s: wind of change in Africa and demise of apartheid mid 1990s-2009: Indonesian Revolution Minimalist/Narrow/Representative Democracy (Schumpeterian) Citizens give teams of leaders the right to rule in periodic elections Contending Conceptions Polyarchy (Robert dahl) Role of Citizens o Formulate preferences Elected officials Free and fair elections Inclusive sufferage Right to run for office Freedom of expression Alternative info Associational
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Deliberative Democracy: democracy – govt. by discussion; laws and policies based on reasons/arguments acceptable by all citizens Radical: make visible and challenge hierarchical and oppressive power relations in society by allowing for difference, dissent and antagonisms in decision-making process. Comprehensive: principle of democratic autonomy = accountable state and democratic reordering of society; *bill of rights; *equal opportunity for participation and for discovering individual preferences as well as citizens’ final control of the political agenda. Measuring demoacracy Freedom House Index Human development index (UNDP) “Audit of Democracy” (Beetham et al) Quality of Democracy (Larry Diamond) 9/1 What Democracy is? The public realm Citizens Competition Regular elections (“electoralism” vs. competitive processes and channels in between elections) Majority Rule w/ protection of minority rights Cooperation among citizens in civil society rights Representative gov’t Example on board * 2 circles - state and individual/family…. middle: public realm How Democracies Differ Consensus Participation Access Responsiveness
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POS 351 NOTES - POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient...

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