POS 351 NOTES - POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POS 351 Etymology of Democracy Ancient Greece Republics The Roman Republic: elections; weighted vote for the wealthy; few noble families Bands, Tribes & Decentralized Ritualized democracies Middle Ages Feudalism (clergy & feudal lords) Autonomous merchant city-states (Venice, Sakai, Lithuanian Commonwealth, etc.) Magna Carta and De Monforts Parliament in England. 18 th and 19 th centuries 1776: The united states = first “liberal democracy” = founders committed to principles of natural freedom and equality. Evolved from Jerffersonian Democracy to Jacksonian democracy and Reconstruction. 1789: Revolutionary France and “the declaration of the rights of man. 20 th century Successive “waves of democracy,” variously resulting from wars, revolutions decolonization, and economic circumstances WW1: dissolution of Ottoman & Austro-Hungarian empires. 1920s: democratic flourish & great depression = emergence of “strong man” rulers. WWII: definite reversal of democracy in Europe (east Bloc). 1945-1960s: Rise of the sub-altans & collapse of empire & white supremacy = decolonization. Third Wave begins 1970s & 1980s 1989: collapse of the soviet union and east bloc 1990s: wind of change in Africa and demise of apartheid mid 1990s-2009: Indonesian Revolution Minimalist/Narrow/Representative Democracy (Schumpeterian) Citizens give teams of leaders the right to rule in periodic elections Contending Conceptions Polyarchy (Robert dahl) Role of Citizens o Formulate preferences Institutions: certain set of institutions & procedures leading to democracy: Elected officials Free and fair elections Inclusive sufferage Right to run for office Freedom of expression Alternative info Associational
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Deliberative Democracy: democracy – govt. by discussion; laws and policies based on reasons/arguments acceptable by all citizens Radical: make visible and challenge hierarchical and oppressive power relations in society by allowing for difference, dissent and antagonisms in decision-making process. Comprehensive: principle of democratic autonomy = accountable state and democratic reordering of society; *bill of rights; *equal opportunity for participation and for discovering individual preferences as well as citizens’ final control of the political agenda. Measuring demoacracy Freedom House Index Human development index (UNDP) “Audit of Democracy” (Beetham et al) Quality of Democracy (Larry Diamond) 9/1 What Democracy is? The public realm Citizens Competition Regular elections (“electoralism” vs. competitive processes and channels in between elections) Majority Rule w/ protection of minority rights Cooperation among citizens in civil society rights Representative gov’t Example on board * 2 circles - state and individual/family…. middle: public realm BOOK* Characterizing Democracies – Kari & Schmitter How Democracies Differ Consensus Participation Access Responsiveness Majority Rule
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern