This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS-The intl protection of human rights cannot be descried without consideration of the State systems that offer the first line of defence and that are so complexly intertwined with international organizations and processes. -In many authoritarian states and conflict-riven States of the developing world, it is more productive to understand protection as extending to ways of changing the political and cultural understandings and assumptions that may underlie violations.-Without such changes, violations may be temporarily arrested but the risk remains high of their recurrence. *In light of these observations, many civil and political rights will be capable of only progressive realization, particularly outside the world of liberal democracies where such kinds of rights are familiar and entrenched and where ongoing elaboration of and innovations in such rights are more readily absorbed.-Assessment of the effectiveness of human rights treaties in expanding protection of human rights cannot then stop with inquiry into current compliance but must take into account of longer-run possibilities stemming from political and cultural transformation. -International protection?-States legal and political institutions first line of defence.-Range of intl pressures applied by intl bodies or by states against delinquent staes- critical diplomatic notes, investigative reports, and recommendary resolutions; boycotts and embargoes, military interventions- in the effort to arrest violations and increase the liklihood of compliance.-BUT INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM- not just individiuals, where states themselves are the active, voting participants?-Can we grasp distinctive needs and challenges of human rights movement if we reduce the international protection of rights to the popular meaning of protection: maintaining compliance with the law through its enforcement, subject (within liveral states) to the constraints of the rule of law. **Should the idea of human rights protection include, for example, inquiry into the background conditions and traditional attitudes that may foster violations, followed by efforts to change those conditions and attitudes in such a way as to bring about the greater acceptance of human rights norms?- THE KINDS OF PROTECTION PROVIDED BY INTL ORGS-Why create international organizations?-Debate, interpret, develop, and apply customary and treaty law.-Are not matters like implementation and protection better left in the hands of governments and civil society in the different states, particularly since human rights issues are imbedded in national governments, traditions, and cultures? **In such respects, the field of human rights differs from situations presented, for example, by international trade or environmental law, where a state's violation of a treaty adversely affects other treaty parties interests as or (usually) more severely than it does its own population....
View Full Document
- Spring '07