NATO NOTES - Michael Cox- Martians and Venutians in the new...

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Michael Cox- Martians and Venutians in the new world order -Lord Ismay- NATO born out of 3 necessities: keep Russians out, Germans down, America in. -Bargain struck in postwar world didnt become unstuck; nor was it likely to as it provided degree of security never experienced before. -After Cold War- realists said couldnt last for long; liberals all turn out for the best. -Clinton left the transnatlantic alliance in good shape; Europeans liked Clinton's internationalism in striking contrast to Bush's unilateralism; bound to upset many Europeans. -Best measure of Bush administrations indifference to European sensibilities was the raft of intl agreements and treaties decided not to sign. -Although day after 9/11 Europe invoked art 5 and sent much backing; US not much interested in constraints of NATO structures; nor planning on relying on NATO forces. -Robert Kagan- Europeans are from 'Venus'- weak, feminine, Americans from Mars- manly virile- shows divide growing over Atlantic; US and Europe diverging on how to deal with key security problems. -US has power it has, it is more inclined to attack global problems using military might. Europeans (weak) more inclined to try and solve problems using same instruments bringing them propserity after 1945- intl law, cooperative diplomacy. -Kagan- bc two have such different capabilities, different experiences, different intl roles, that the interests of the two cannot remain the same over the long term. -Yes, two continents may be drifting apart, but still important ties holding Europe and US together. The Atlantic Alliance in Crisis- Thomas Risse -Transatlantic rel. is in a deep crisis, despite patching-up efforts since the Iraq war. -Source of current conflicts: domestic political developments on both sides of atlantic. -Have led to different perceptions of contemporary security threats and, more importantly, different prescriptions on how to handle them. -Such differences have existed before, and they have been managed through various institutions of the TA community. Will still work- good news. -US unilateral and imperial tendencies violate norms on which transatlantic security community has been built over the years, namely multilateralism and close consultation among allies. -More unilateral it is and renounces intl agreements and institutions the US has helped build, more it threatens to erode the fundamental principles of world order in dealing with conflicts. -In this sense, current disagreements go beyond ordinary policy conflicts and touch issues of common values. -US more focussed today on building "coalitions of the willing" to deal with world problems than relying on enduring alliances. -Security community (NATO)- not worried about internal threats. US never worried about French UK nukes. -While sense of belonging together (collective ident.) may have declined slightly in 2002 and 2003,
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NATO NOTES - Michael Cox- Martians and Venutians in the new...

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