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Western Way of Warfare Essay Plan

Western Way of Warfare Essay Plan - WESTERN WAY OF...

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WESTERN WAY OF WARFARE *Is it useful to talk of "ways of warfare"? Discuss with reference to either the West OR the Islamic World OR China.. (2009) *Is there a Western 'way of war'? (2008) *Can we discern 'ways of war' in different cultures? Illustrate with reference to EITHER the Western OR the non-Western world. *Is is useful to talk about a Western way of warfare? (2005) - talk about how it misses ethics *Does the 'war against terrorism' display aspects of the "western way of warfare'? (2003) *Let us remember..that the more Western the world becomes the more likely that all its wars will be even more Western in nature' (Victor Hanson). What explains the success of the Western way of warfare? (2002) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- INTRODUCTION - The distinction between 'ways of warfare' of civilizations became glaringly apparent on September 11, 2001 and the subsequent invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. - The concept of national 'ways of war' dates from the 1930s, when Basil H. Liddell Hart theorized that there was a 'British Way in Warfare'. ----------------------------- I) Ways of Warfare? (Keegan) *Keegan --discusses Clausewitzean dictim of war as "the continuation of politics by other means", hypothesizing that "war may be the perpetuation of a culture by other means" -"culture is a powerful a force as politics in the choice of military means, often more likely to prevail too" -certain beliefs, values, traditions regarding how, when and why to wage war varying from nation to nation. -Each civilization has its own way of fighting that is an expression of their culture; war embraces much more than just politics as Clausewitz supposed -Clausewitz himself influenced by Western culture- wars after French Revolution he was involved in- primacy of politics and "political motive" as precipitating and controlling factor -Gives examples of Easter Island, Zulus, Mamelukes, and Samurai to exemplify this notion/premise of "culture as a determinant of war". II) Characteristics of Western Way of Warfare (Hanson- 8 , Coker- humanism ) Hanson - In the Wars of the Ancient Greeks finds 8 characteristics "unique to Hellenic and indeed later European tradition": -Throughout the long evolution of Western warfare- existed more or less common core of practices that often reappear generation after generation.
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