WILSONIANISM v. REALPOLITIK

WILSONIANISM v. REALPOLITIK - 1 democracy promotion only...

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1) democracy promotion only came out after iraq war became a protracted war, initial reasons were based on realpolitik 2) Bush came into office a dedicated supporter of realpolitik and realist thought 3) Bush made realpolitikial alliances with uzbekistan and pakistan. While Bush foreign policy rhetoric resembles some of the idealistic tradition of Wilson, I contend that these similarities exist only a tool was simply a tool of realpolitik to gain support of the broader American public. his foreign policy also demonstrated elements of the realpolitik strategies first exemplified by Henry Kissinger and Nixon. While Bush did advocate democracy promotion, a moralistic concern condemned by realpolitik strategy , he linked this idea to a prudential concern for America's national security and safety. In every historical era, the United States has shown a willingness to reject treaties, violate rules, ignore allies, and use military force on its own. But many observers saw the unilteralism of the Bush administration as something much more sweeping- not an occassional ad hoc policy decision but a new strategic orientation or what one pundit touts as the new unilteralism. (7) 3) TRANSITION TO COMPARISION WITH REALPOLITIK- Bush shows none of Wilson's liberal idealist antipathy for the material interests of the nation. Indeed, in Bush's view, there is a strong link between the promotion of democracy abroad and our safety at home (2 of Btwn Idealism and Realism)- it is tempered by prudential concern for our national security. This aspect stressed by Kissinger. 3.5) While Wilson stressed global threats and wanted to make the "world safe for democratic community", bush wanted to "make the world democratic so the U.S could be safe" emphasizing american interests. -While a major block for realists is of course, Bush democratic faith key similarities: -1) The grandiosity of the Bush vision- as articulated in the 2002 NSS- had elements of the "one-world" vision of Woodrow Wilson. (8)- The world would be nited under American leadership. As Fareed Zakaria noted at the time: "It is a breath-taking statement, promising that American power will tansform intl politics itself, making the old strggle over national security obsolete. in some ways, it is the most Wilsonian statement any President has made since Wilson himself, echoing his pledge to use american power to create a "universal dominion of right". In practice maybe not so. 2) Similarly- commitment to promote democracy abroad. Took on same good vs. evil tone as Wilson used. (86)- war on terrorism, key differences: 1) Mulitlaterism- but kindof! in war maybe wilson willing to go it alone (34), but bush rejects multileralism in all else. In this view, it is America's commitment to promote democracy worldwide- a sort of liberal imperial ambition-
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WILSONIANISM v. REALPOLITIK - 1 democracy promotion only...

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