NEW WARS NOTES - NEW WARS Mark Duffield- Post-Modern...

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NEW WARS Mark Duffield- Post-Modern Conflict: Warlords, post-adjustment states and private protection(1998) -Idea of post-modern conflict addresses emergence of political projects in the South, including qualified state forms, which no longer need to establish territorial, bureaucratic, or consent- based political authority. Rather than scarcity of breakdown, despite high social costs involved, protracted instability can be associated with innovative and expanding forms of political economy. -Warlords, for example, have forged new and viable links with intl orgs and global markets. Many post-adjustment rulers, in terms of state debureaucratisation and embrace of free market have adopted warlord type strategies. -Changing architecture of nation-state has also weakened the rule of law; created a demand for private protection at all levels within emerging system. - Keen- war not as irrational or abnormal event, or breakdown of system, rather as the emergence of alternative system of profit and power. -Most conflicts today are occurring within rather than between states. - Keen- Militia groups replace regular armies, and internal wars transmute into protracted crises, the boundaries between such things as war, crime, and peace appear increasingly vague and blurred. -Present transformation result of changing nature of nation-state; from early 1970s the competance of nation-state began to erode bc of globalisation. -Globalisation and economic deregulation, growing influence of markets has reduced power and legitimacy of nation-states. -Growing importance of networks and cross-cutting linkages is central to transition from govt to governance- from hierarchical patterns of negotiation and d-making replaced by cooperative netork like types of negotiation and bargaining. * New Medievalism (Cerny)- rather than concentrating sovereignty, fedual pol. auth was shaped by its parcelling out; creation of zones of authority with overlapping boundaries. -Characterized by growing importance of identity politics, ethnicity, and fragmented loyalties. Rule of law absent in some places. -Regionalisation of North- attempt by northern rulers to compensate for declining competance of nation-states (NAFTA, EU) -The concentration of conventional economic activity within northern regional systems has intensified the problems of state transformation in the South. -Southern rulers have had to devise adaptive and innovative strategies for survival. They have forged new alliances with intl actors, including commercial ties to develop the informalised economy (illegal or semilegal activities.) -Expansion of deregulated global markets important strand in southern adaptation. -Intra-state war vs. post-modern conflict- intra-state war usually associated with traditional views of nation-state, that is a territorial form of bureaucratic and juridicial political authority where rulers govern by consent. Post-modern conflict- emergence in past decades of political projects in South which no longer seek to establish territorial/bureaucratic or consent based
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2010 for the course GOVT 380 taught by Professor Tannenwald,n during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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NEW WARS NOTES - NEW WARS Mark Duffield- Post-Modern...

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